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OBJECTIVES Approximately 10-15% of all pancreatic cancers (PCs) may be hereditary in origin. We investigated the use of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for the screening of individuals at high risk for developing PC. In this paper the results of first-time screening with EUS are presented. METHODS Those eligible for screening in this study were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Clarification of the position of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) regarding the interventional options available for treating patients with chronic pancreatitis. METHODS Systematic literature search to answer explicit key questions with levels of evidence serving to determine recommendation grades. The ESGE(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES In chronic pancreatitis, malabsorption of fat is common due to loss of exocrine function. Consequently, these patients are at risk to acquire deficiencies of the fat-soluble vitamins, which may result in a decreased bone mineral density (BMD) and the development of osteopenia and osteoporosis. METHODS We prospectively enrolled all(More)
BACKGROUND Ingestion of caustic substances often leads to severe morbidity and, frequently, death. This study compared complications and survival for patients who ingested an acidic substance, mainly glacial acetic acid, or an alkaline agent. METHODS Records for 179 patients hospitalized for ingestion of a caustic agent (85 acid [75 glacial acetic acid],(More)
CONTEXT Most patients with infected necrotizing pancreatitis require necrosectomy. Surgical necrosectomy induces a proinflammatory response and is associated with a high complication rate. Endoscopic transgastric necrosectomy, a form of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, may reduce the proinflammatory response and reduce complications. (More)
BACKGROUND EUS-guided FNA is an efficacious technique for sampling intraintestinal and extraintestinal mass lesions. However, cytology has limitations to its final yield and accuracy, which may be overcome if histological specimens are provided to the pathologist. OBJECTIVE To evaluate feasibility, yield, and diagnostic accuracy of a newly developed(More)
BACKGROUND The over-the-scope clip (OTSC) provides more durable and full-thickness closure as compared with standard clips. Only case reports and small case series have reported on outcomes of OTSC closure of GI defects. OBJECTIVE To describe a large, multicenter experience with OTSCs for the management of GI defects. Secondary goals were to determine(More)
BACKGROUND Screening individuals at increased risk for pancreatic cancer (PC) detects early, potentially curable, pancreatic neoplasia. OBJECTIVE To develop consortium statements on screening, surveillance and management of high-risk individuals with an inherited predisposition to PC. METHODS A 49-expert multidisciplinary international consortium met to(More)
BACKGROUND ERCP on an outpatient basis could be as safe as on an inpatient basis and may also reduce medical costs. OBJECTIVE To review the available literature to determine the safety of an ERCP performed on an outpatient basis. DESIGN A review of the published literature was performed by searching PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and the Web of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Two percent to 4% of all cases of colorectal cancer (CRC) are associated with Lynch syndrome. Dominant clustering of CRC (non-Lynch syndrome) accounts for 1%-3% of the cases. Because carcinogenesis is accelerated in Lynch syndrome, an intensive colonoscopic surveillance program has been recommended since 1995. The aim of the study was to(More)