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Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to investigate the changes in blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal, cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen consumption (CMR(O(2))) accompanying neuronal inhibition. Eight healthy volunteers performed a periodic right-hand pinch grip every second using 5% of their(More)
In view of the potential of global resting blood flow level to confound the interpretation of blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI studies, we investigated the effect of pronounced elevation in baseline cerebral blood flow (CBF) on BOLD and CBF responses to functional activation. Twelve healthy volunteers performed bilateral finger apposition while(More)
We measured the timing of activity in distinct functional areas of the human visual cortex after onset of a visual pattern. This is not possible with visual evoked potentials (VEPs) or magnetic fields alone, and direct combination of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with electromagnetic data has turned out to be difficult. We tested a relatively(More)
fMRI retinotopic mapping provides detailed information about the correspondence between the visual field and its cortical representation in the individual subject. Besides providing for the possibility of unambiguously localizing functional imaging data with respect to the functional architecture of the visual system, it is a powerful tool for the(More)
To investigate the coupling between the hemodynamic and metabolic changes following functional brain activation as well as interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs), blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD), perfusion and oxygen consumption responses to a unilateral distal motor task and interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) were examined via continuous(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cerebral vasoreactivity using blood oxygenation level dependent functional MRI during carbogen inhalation with 7% CO(2) in Alzheimer's disease and amnestic mild cognitive impairment. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS Thirty nine subjects were included to be investigated using blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) functional MRI at 1.5T(More)
Identifying the cortical areas activated by illusory contours provides valuable information on the mechanisms of object perception. We applied functional magnetic resonance imaging to identify the visual areas of the human brain involved in the perception of a moving Kanizsa-type illusory contour. Our results indicate that, in addition to other cortical(More)
While it is generally believed that interactions across long distances in the visual field occur only in the higher-order cortical areas, other results suggest that such interactions are processed very early. In the preceding paper, we identified the latencies within a subset of cortical areas in the human visual system. In the present study, we test in(More)
To characterize peritumoral BOLD contrast disorders, 25 patients referred for resection of primary frontal or parietal neoplasms (low-grade glioma (LGG) (n=8); high-grade glioma (HGG) (n=7); meningioma (n=10)) without macroscopic tumoral infiltration of the primary sensorimotor cortex (SM1) were examined preoperatively using BOLD fMRI during simple motor(More)
Changes in cerebral perfusion and CO2 cerebrovascular reactivity during and immediately after a sojourn at high altitude remain unclear but may be critical for acclimatization. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of 6days at 4350m on cerebral perfusion and cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) to CO2 by arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic(More)