Jan W. de Backer

Learn More
Mutations in the fibrillin-1 (FBN1) gene cause Marfan syndrome (MFS) and have been associated with a wide range of overlapping phenotypes. Clinical care is complicated by variable age at onset and the wide range of severity of aortic features. The factors that modulate phenotypical severity, both among and within families, remain to be determined. The(More)
Arterial tortuosity syndrome (ATS) is a rare autosomal recessive connective tissue disease, characterized by widespread arterial involvement with elongation, tortuosity, and aneurysms of the large and middle-sized arteries. Recently, SLC2A10 mutations were identified in this condition. This gene encodes the glucose transporter GLUT10 and was previously(More)
Determination of the apnea hypopnea index (AHI) as a measure of the severity of obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a widely accepted methodology. However, the outcome of such a determination depends on the method used, is time consuming and insufficient for prediction of the effect of all treatment modalities. For these reasons more(More)
Although there is still a long way to go, our understanding of the genetic basis of cardiomyopathies--dilated or hypertrophic--has significantly improved over the past decade. This new and intriguing era of cardiogenetics has already answered some important questions concerning the pathophysiology of these disorders, but it has also raised some new(More)
PURPOSE To compare the results obtained by using numerical flow simulations with the results of combined single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and computed tomography (CT) and to demonstrate the importance of correct boundary conditions for the numerical methods to account for the large amount of interpatient variability in airway geometry. (More)
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is increasingly applied in the respiratory domain. The ability to simulate the flow through a bifurcating tubular system has increased the insight into the internal flow dynamics and the particular characteristics of respiratory flows such as secondary motions and inertial effects. The next step in the evolution is to(More)
Mandibular advancement devices (MADs) have emerged as a popular alternative for the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing. These devices bring the mandibula forward in order to increase upper airway (UA) volume and prevent total UA collapse during sleep. However, the precise mechanism of action appears to be quite complex and is not yet completely(More)
BACKGROUND Inhaled formulations using extrafine particles of long-acting β2-agonists and corticosteroids were developed to optimize asthma treatment. Findings that these combinations reach and treat smaller airways more effectively are predominantly based on general non-specific outcomes with little information on regional characteristics. OBJECTIVES This(More)
The diagnosis of Marfan syndrome may be hampered by the existence of very mild and atypical cases as well as by marked intrafamilial variability. In these instances, molecular analysis of the fibrillin-1 gene (FBN1) can be helpful to identify individuals at risk. The underlying molecular mechanism for the clinical variability is presently unknown. We(More)
The diagnosis of Marfan syndrome (MFS) is challenging and international criteria have been proposed. The 1996 Ghent criteria were adopted worldwide, but new diagnostic criteria for MFS were released in 2010, giving more weight to aortic root aneurysm and ectopia lentis. We aimed to compare the diagnosis reached by applying this new nosology vs the Ghent(More)