Learn More
XPF-ERCC1 endonuclease is required for repair of helix-distorting DNA lesions and cytotoxic DNA interstrand crosslinks. Mild mutations in XPF cause the cancer-prone syndrome xeroderma pigmentosum. A patient presented with a severe XPF mutation leading to profound crosslink sensitivity and dramatic progeroid symptoms. It is not known how unrepaired DNA(More)
Recent progress in the science of aging is driven largely by the use of model systems, ranging from yeast and nematodes to mice. These models have revealed conservation in genetic pathways that balance energy production and its damaging by-products with pathways that preserve somatic maintenance. Maintaining genome integrity has emerged as a major factor in(More)
Cellular senescence suppresses cancer by halting the growth of premalignant cells, yet the accumulation of senescent cells is thought to drive age-related pathology through a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), the function of which is unclear. To understand the physiological role(s) of the complex senescent phenotype, we generated a mouse(More)
The accumulation of somatic DNA damage has been implicated as a cause of ageing in metazoa. One possible mechanism by which increased DNA damage could lead to cellular degeneration and death is by stochastic deregulation of gene expression. Here we directly test for increased transcriptional noise in aged tissue by dissociating single cardiomyocytes from(More)
Somatic mutations in mtDNA have recently been identified in colorectal tumours. Studies of oncocytic tumours have led to hypotheses which propose that defects in oxidative phosphorylation may result in a compensatory increase in mitochondrial replication and/or gene expression. Mutational analysis of mtDNA in thyroid neoplasia, which is characterised by(More)
While sequence analysis is considered by many to be the most sensitive method of detecting unknown mutations in large genes such as BRCA1, most published estimates of the prevalence of mutations in this gene have been derived from studies that have used other methods of gene analysis. In order to determine the relative sensitivity of techniques that are(More)
To study gene mutations in different organs and tissues of an experimental animal, we produced transgenic mice harboring bacteriophage lambda shuttle vectors integrated in the genome in a head-to-tail arrangement. As a target for mutagenesis, the selectable bacterial lacZ gene was cloned in the vector. The integrated vectors were rescued from total genomic(More)
Quantitative information on the cell-to-cell distribution of all possible mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations in young and aged tissues is needed to assess the relevance of these mutations to the aging process. In the present study, we used PCR amplification of full-length mitochondrial genomes from single cells to scan human cardiomyocytes for all possible(More)
We were interested to study the relationship between DNA lesions, DNA repair, mutation fixation, and tumour development. Therefore, mice harbouring lacZ reporter genes and being either wild-type or defective in the DNA excision repair gene XPA, were treated with the genotoxic carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene at an oral dose of 13 mg/kg b.w. (3 times/week). At(More)
Recent discoveries in the science of ageing indicate that lifespan in model organisms such as yeast, nematodes, flies and mice is plastic and can be manipulated by genetic, nutritional or pharmacological intervention. A better understanding of the targets of such interventions, as well as the proximate causes of ageing-related degeneration and disease, is(More)