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The neuronal repressor REST (RE1-silencing transcription factor; also called NRSF) is expressed at high levels in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, but its role in these cells is unclear. Here we show that REST maintains self-renewal and pluripotency in mouse ES cells through suppression of the microRNA miR-21. We found that, as with known self-renewal(More)
Members of the En and Wnt gene families seem to play a key role in the early specification of the brain territory that gives rise to the cerebellum, the midhindbrain junction. To analyze the possible continuous role of the En and Wnt signaling pathway in later cerebellar patterning and function, we expressed En-2 ectopically in Purkinje cells during late(More)
To explore the possible role of monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP-1) in inflammatory diseases of the heart, we expressed the murine MCP-1(JE) gene under the control of the alpha-cardiac myosin heavy chain promoter to attempt to target MCP-1 expression to the adult heart muscle. The five lines of transgenic mice thus produced showed targeted expression of(More)
TP53 is commonly altered in human cancer, and Tp53 reactivation suppresses tumours in vivo in mice (TP53 and Tp53 are also known as p53). This strategy has proven difficult to implement therapeutically, and here we examine an alternative strategy by manipulating the p53 family members, Tp63 and Tp73 (also known as p63 and p73, respectively). The acidic(More)
In a transgenic model of ischemic cardiomyopathy in which monocytes are attracted to the myocardium by the targeted overexpression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), we have observed the presence of endothelial NO synthase and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1-negative tunnels, occasionally containing blood-derived cells, that probe(More)
Tyrosinase is the rate-limiting enzyme for the production of melanin pigmentation. In the mouse and other animals, homozygous null mutations in the Tyrosinase gene (Tyr) result in the absence of pigmentation, i.e. albinism. Here we used the CRISPR/Cas9 system to generate mono- and bi-allelic null mutations in the Tyr locus by zygote injection of two(More)
We have constructed a gene fusion using the promoter of Drosophila hsp70 and the structural gene for Drosophila alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) and used this construct to transform Adh-deficient flies. In these transformants, Adh is expressed only after heat shock. Like hsp70 itself, this heat-shock-inducible Adh (Adhhs) is induced in a wide variety of tissues.(More)
The roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) and the miRNA processing machinery in the regulation of stem cell biology are not well understood. Here, we show that the p53 family member and p63 isoform, ΔNp63, is a transcriptional activator of a cofactor critical for miRNA processing (DGCR8). This regulation gives rise to a unique miRNA signature resulting in(More)
hnRNP K regulates cellular programs, and changes in its expression and mutational status have been implicated in neoplastic malignancies. To directly examine its role in tumorigenesis, we generated a mouse model harboring an Hnrnpk knockout allele (Hnrnpk(+/-)). Hnrnpk haploinsufficiency resulted in reduced survival, increased tumor formation, genomic(More)
We have isolated a number of mutations in D. melanogaster that result in the constitutive expression of the heat shock response in a tissue-specific manner. These mutations induce alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) when the ADH structural gene is fused to the promoter for the 70 kd heat shock protein (hsp70) gene. Flies carrying these mutations, the hsp70-Adh(More)