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BACKGROUND Asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, has been linked to cardiovascular risk. The clinical role of its structural isomer symmetrical dimethylarginine (SDMA) remains largely unclear. METHODS We measured SDMA and ADMA in 3229 patients undergoing coronary angiography at baseline (1997-2000) and(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, is known as mediator of endothelial cell dysfunction and atherosclerosis. Circulating ADMA levels are correlated with cardiovascular risk factors such as hypercholesterolemia, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperhomocysteinemia, age and smoking. Accordingly,(More)
BACKGROUND Increased blood concentrations of the endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) have been linked to excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and to progression of renal disease. We evaluated systemic cardiovascular effects of ADMA infusion in healthy subjects using invasive techniques, ie, right(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced availability of nitric oxide (NO) is thought to contribute to the age-associated increase of renovascular tone and blood pressure. We assessed blood concentrations of the endogenous NO synthase inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) as well as renal hemodynamics, comparing young (n=24, 13 men, 25+/-1 years) and elderly (n=24, 13(More)
BACKGROUND Dosing of most drugs must be adapted in renal insufficiency, making accurate assessment of renal function essential in clinical medicine. Furthermore, even modest impairment of renal function has been recognized as a cardiovascular risk factor. The purpose of this analysis was to identify the role of symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), the(More)
INTRODUCTION The endothelial specific angiopoietin (Ang)-Tie2 ligand-receptor system has been identified as a non-redundant mediator of endothelial activation in experimental sepsis. Binding of circulating Ang-1 to the Tie2 receptor protects the vasculature from inflammation and leakage, whereas binding of Ang-2 antagonises Tie2 signalling and disrupts(More)
Drug dosage adjustment for patients with acute or chronic kidney disease is an accepted standard of practice. The challenge is how to accurately estimate a patient's kidney function in both acute and chronic kidney disease and determine the influence of renal replacement therapies on drug disposition. Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) held a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of different treatment strategies on enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O104:H4 induced haemolytic uraemic syndrome. DESIGN Multicentre retrospective case-control study. SETTING 23 hospitals in northern Germany. PARTICIPANTS 298 adults with enterohaemorrhagic E coli induced haemolytic uraemic syndrome. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
Long-acting third-generation dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (CCBs) improve endothelial dysfunction and prevent cardiovascular events in humans, but their cellular and molecular mechanisms of tissue protection are not elucidated in detail. We assessed organ (renal) protection by the highly lipophilic CCB lercanidipine in a double-transgenic rat(More)
INTRODUCTION In critically ill patients, the massive release of angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) from endothelial Weibel-Palade bodies interferes with constitutive angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1)/Tie2 signaling in endothelial cells, thus leading to vascular barrier breakdown followed by leukocyte transmigration and capillary leakage. The use of circulating Ang-1 and Ang-2 as(More)