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Werner syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder involving the premature appearance of features reminiscent of human aging. Werner syndrome occurs by mutation of the WRN gene, encoding a DNA helicase. WRN contributes to the induction of the p53 tumor suppressor protein by various DNA damaging agents. Here we show that UV exposure leads to extensive(More)
Enzymes involved in histone acetylation have been identified as important transcriptional regulators. Maize embryos contain three histone deacetylase families: RPD3-type deacetylases (HD1-B), nucleolar phosphoproteins of the HD2 family, and a third form unrelated to RPD3 and HD2 (HD1-A). Here we first report on the specificity of deacetylases for core(More)
Proliferation and cell cycle progression of eukaryotic cells are closely linked to changes in chromatin structure and gene expression. By reversible histone acetylation the cell is able to modulate chromatin condensation and accessibility of specific regions within the chromatin. Here, we examined histone H4 acetylation patterns during growth induction of(More)
Reversible acetylation of core histones plays an important role in transcriptional regulation, cell cycle progression, and developmental events. The acetylation state of histones is controlled by the activities of acetylating and deacetylating enzymes. By using differential mRNA display, we have identified a mouse histone deacetylase gene, HD1, as an(More)
Reversible histone acetylation changes the chromatin structure and can modulate gene transcription. Mammalian histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) is a nuclear protein that belongs to a growing family of evolutionarily conserved enzymes catalysing the removal of acetyl residues from core histones and other proteins. Previously, we have identified murine HDAC1 as a(More)
Mdm2 is a RING finger E3 ubiquitin ligase, which promotes ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Acetylation of p53 regulates p53's transcriptional activity and inhibits Mdm2-mediated p53 ubiquitination and degradation. We now report that Mdm2 is also a target for acetylation. Mdm2 is acetylated in vitro by(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor protein provides a major anti-cancer defense mechanism, as underscored by the fact that the p53 gene is the most frequent target for genetic alterations in human cancer. Recent work has led to the realization that p53 lies at the hub of a very complex network of signaling pathways that integrate a variety of intracellular and(More)
EVI-1 and its variant form, MDS1/EVI1, have been reported to act in an antagonistic manner and be differentially regulated in samples from patients with acute myeloid leukaemia and rearrangements of the long arm of chromosome 3. Here, we show that both EVI-1 and MDS1/EVI1 can repress transcription from a reporter construct containing EVI-1 binding sites and(More)
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