Jan T. Poolman

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BACKGROUND Acute otitis media is one of the most commonly-diagnosed childhood infections. This study assessed the efficacy of a novel vaccine that contained polysaccharides from 11 different Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes each conjugated to Haemophilus influenzae-derived protein D in prevention of acute otitis media. METHODS 4968 infants were randomly(More)
Neisseria meningitidis strains express a diverse range of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) structures that have been classified into 12 immunotypes. A feature of meningococcal LPS is the reversible, high-frequency switching of expression (phase variation) of terminal LPS structures. A number of studies are strongly suggestive of a key role for these terminal(More)
Neisseria meningitidis serogroups B and C were originally subdivided into serotypes by the use of two different classification systems based upon type-specific bactericidal antibodies and immunoprecipitation in agar gels, respectively. The serotype specificities were later found to be associated with different major outer membrane proteins and with the(More)
Restricted to the genus Streptococcus, the Pht protein family comprises four members: PhtA, PhtB, PhtD and PhtE. This family has the potential to provide a protein candidate for incorporation in pneumococcal vaccines. Based on sequence analysis and on RT-PCR experiments, we show here that the pht genes are organized in tandem but that their expression,(More)
The need for the development of cheap and effective vaccines against pneumococcal disease has necessitated the evaluation of common virulence-associated proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae as potential vaccine antigens. In this study, we examined the capacity of active immunization with a genetic toxoid derivative of pneumolysin (PdB) and/or a fragment of(More)
The meningococcal iron-limitation-inducible outer membrane protein FrpB (FetA) has been shown to induce bactericidal antibodies, and is, therefore, considered a vaccine candidate. However, these antibodies are strain specific and, consistently, epitope mapping showed that they are directed against a region, located in a surface-exposed loop, L5, that(More)
Immunogenicity and safety of a novel combined Haemophilus influenzae type b-Neisseria meningitidis serogroups C and Y-tetanus-toxoid conjugate vaccine (Hib-MenCY-TT) candidate was evaluated when co-administered with DTPa-HBV-IPV(Pediarix)+PCV7(Prevnar) at 2-4-6 months of age. Anti-PRP concentrations >or= 1.0 microg/mL were observed in 92.9-98.7%,(More)
The development of effective vaccines against serogroup B meningococci is of great public health importance. We assessed a novel genetically engineered vaccine containing six meningococcal class 1 (PorA) outer membrane proteins representing 80% of prevalent strains in the UK. 103 infants were given the meningococcal vaccine at ages 2, 3 and 4 months with(More)
Infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae are a major cause of mortality throughout the world. Protein-based pneumococcal vaccines are envisaged to replace or complement the current polysaccharide-based vaccines. In this context, detoxified pneumolysin (dPly) and pneumococcal histidine triad protein D (PhtD) are two potential candidates for(More)
Meningococcal disease incidence is highest in young children, yet a tetravalent conjugate vaccine is currently not available for this age group. This study evaluated a single dose of four different ACWY-TT conjugate vaccine formulations in 240 toddlers (12-14 months) and 268 children (3-5 years) compared to licensed age-appropriate control vaccines. In(More)