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The paper gives an overview of the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems and discusses their benefits enabling an increase in the system capacity and an increase of system reliability. The former is attained by signal multiplexing and the later by space encoding. The basic algorithms required for a proper operation of the MIMO systems, i.e. channel(More)
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) were isolated from four species of cyanobacteria (Anabaena flos-aquae UTEX 1444. A. cylindrica, Oscillatoria tenuis, and O. brevis) frequently occurring in drinking-water supplies. The cyanobacterial LPS contained glucose, xylose, mannose, and rhamnose, but differed from the LPS derived from most gram-negative bacteria because of(More)
HEK293 cells stably expressing δ-opioid receptor were labeled first with fluorescent analog of cholesterol, 22-NBD-cholesterol, exposed to cholesterol-depleting agent β-cyclodextrin (β-CDX) and analyzed by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM). In accordance with chemical analysis of cholesterol level, the total cellular signal of this probe was(More)
The most common cyanobacterium contaminating drinking water systems in southwestern Pennsylvania is Schizothrix calcicola. Lipoplysaccharides (LPS) were isolated from this species by hot phenol-water extraction. The polysaccharide moiety was composed of glucosamine, galactose, glucose, mannose, xylose and rhamnose. The lipid A part contained(More)
The occurrence of pathogenic Naegleria fowleri in thermal discharges, recipient waters, and cooling towers of eight power plants located in western Pennsylvania was investigated for 2 years in conjunction with several environmental measurements. Pathogenic N. fowleri was detected in one cooling tower and in the discharge, receiving waters, or both of five(More)
The effect of non-ionic detergents on baclofen (GABAB-R agonist)-stimulated G-protein activity was measured as a [(35)S]GTPgammaS binding assay in the plasma membranes (PM) isolated from the brain tissue. The effect was clearly biphasic--a decrease in the activity was followed by an activation maximum and finally, at high concentrations, drastic inhibition(More)
Photosynthetic cyanobacteria, heterotrophic bacteria, free-living amoebae, and ciliated protozoa may support growth of Legionella pneumophila. Studies were done with two tap water cultures (WS1 and WS2) containing L. pneumophila and associated microbiota to characterize growth-supporting activity and assess the relative importance of the microbiota in(More)
We emphasize the importance of dynamics and hydration for enzymatic catalysis and protein design by transplanting the active site from a haloalkane dehalogenase with high enantioselectivity to nonselective dehalogenase. Protein crystallography confirms that the active site geometry of the redesigned dehalogenase matches that of the target, but its(More)
The paper addresses a Hierarchical Decode and Forward (HDF) strategy in the wireless 2-Way Relay Channel (2WRC). This strategy uses a Hierarchical eXclusive Code (HXC) that allows full decoding of the hierarchical symbols at the relay. The HXC represents two data sources only through the exclusive law and requires side information on the complementary data(More)