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Top dieback in 40-60 years old forest stands of Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] in southern Norway is supposed to be associated with climatic extremes. Our intention was to learn more about the processes related to top dieback and in particular about the plasticity of possible predisposing factors. We aimed at (i) developing proxies for P 50 based(More)
Presented Models describe the current growth rate. These models are good tools for growth prediction in the near future and will be compareable with further models; they will demonstrate the Norway spruce growth changes considering the climate change. Tree growth depends on genetic, climatic, microsite conditions and stand structure variations. A new(More)
There are two crystallographically independent mol-ecules in the asymmetric unit of the title compound, C(21)H(18)N(4)O(4). The substituted benzopyran portion of one of the independent mol-ecules exhibits disorder [occupancy 0.5248 (18):0.4752 (18)], which was modelled by using two sets of atomic positions and restraints on the chemically equivalent bond(More)
The title compound, C(12)H(13)NO(2), represents a conformationally restricted 2-pyridone analogue of 1,4-dihydro-pyridine-type calcium antagonists and was selected for a crystal structure determination in order to explore some aspects of drug-receptor inter-action. In the mol-ecule, two stereogenic centres are of opposite chirality, whereas a racemate(More)
The pharmacology of dihydropyridines in the cardiovascular system is widely known and the effects on L-type channels are well researched. There is far less information about the action of dihydropyridines on other classes of voltage-gated calcium channels. This article aims to bring more information about dihydropyridine derivates action on voltage-gated(More)
In the title compound, C(18)H(16)N(2)O(3), a potential inhibitor of the cyclo-oxygenase-2 isoenzyme, the pyrazoline ring exists in a flattened envelope conformation with one C atom deviating by 0.463 Å from the mean plane of the remaining four atoms. The puckering of the central oxazine ring is more severe, with one N atom and one C atom displaced by 0.235(More)
The title compound, C(15)H(16)N(2)O(5), belongs to the class of monastrol-type anti--cancer agents and was selected for crystal structure determination in order to determine the conformational details needed for subsequent structure-activity relationship studies. The central tetra-hydro-pyrimidine ring has a flat-envelope conformation. The 4-phenyl group(More)
The title compound, C(17)H(20)N(2)O(6), belongs to the monastrol-type of anti-cancer agents and was selected for crystal structure determination in order to confirm its mol-ecular structure and explore some aspects of its structure-activity relationships. The central tetra-hydro-pyrimidine ring has a flat-envelope conformation. The 4-hydroxy-phenyl group(More)
Voltage-gated Ca2+ channels are the major pathway of Ca2+ entry into the cells. Their activity is essential to couple electrical signals from the cell surface to physiological events in cells. Several pharmacologically, structurally and kinetically distinct calcium channel types have been identified at the electrophysiological and molecular levels. This(More)
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