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A new family of matrices for DNA sequencing by capillary electrophoresis is presented. These matrices combine easy injection with high sieving performances, due to thermal switching between a low and a high viscosity state through a modest increase in temperature (approximately 20 degrees C). They are constructed from a hydrophilic polymer backbone with(More)
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) has recently emerged as a highly promising technique for the analysis and structural study of glycoconjugates. This article reviews the current status of CE and its potential in glycobiology. The separation media suitable for the analysis of monosaccharides, oligosaccharides and very large carbohydrate-based biomolecules are(More)
The effect of fluorescent tags on the separation of negatively charged oligosaccharides, derived from a partially hydrolyzed kappa-carrageenan, was studied. When the charge-to-friction ratio of oligosaccharides is increased by the end-label, the migration order is from smaller to larger oligomers, and the resolution of larger oligomers could be improved by(More)
The electrophoretic transport of high molecular weight charged solutes, both flexible and stiff polymers, has been studied by capillary electrophoresis under constant-field and pulsed-field conditions. Sulfonated polystyrenes were used as model solutes in different entangled polymer solutions. First, changes of the end-to-end distance vectors of flexible(More)
Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE), using an entangled polyacrylamide solution, was applied to large DNA samples under pulsed-field conditions. Highly efficient separations were achieved under biased sinusoidal field and field-inversion pulsing regimes. The separations that were obtained with 8.3-48.5 kb lambda DNA standards and 48.5 kb-1 Mb lambda DNA(More)
Hyaluronic acid is a negatively charged polysaccharide with a high degree of polydispersity that makes the separation of its oligomers extremely difficult. Through the use of columns filled with a highly viscous polyacrylamide matrix, the unit resolution of hyaluronate oligomers could be achieved, up to at least 80 kDa of mass, through capillary(More)
The intact heparins are highly charged oligosaccharides. Their charge polydispersity and the possible occurrence of numerous isomers complicate the analysis of these biomedically important glycoconjugates. After unsuccessful attempts to resolve the low molecular weight heparins in entangled matrixes, or through the use of counterions (Stefansson, M.;(More)
The separation of oligonucleotides by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) was studied in fused silica separation capillaries filled by linear (noncrosslinked) polyacrylamide (PAA) solutions, introduced into the capillary from the stock by pressure after each analysis. The time-consuming in-capillary polymerization step could thus be avoided, and fast and(More)
We report on a novel approach for controlling nanohydrodynamic properties at the solid-liquid interfaces through the use of stimuli-responding polymer coatings. The end-tethered polymers undergo a phase separation upon external activation. The reversible change in the thickness and polarity of the grafted polymers yields in a dynamic control of the(More)
In contrast to common capillary zone electrophoresis, with a constant composition of the background electrolyte, a new method is described, based on a change of the ionic matrix composition during the migration of the sample components. The proposed method expands the scale of pK's of analyzed compounds in a single run and affords new potential for(More)