Jan Spillner

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Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with an immunological injury that may cause pathophysiological alterations in the form of a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) or a multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Previous studies on this issue have reported different changes of immunological parameters during and after CPB, but there are(More)
OBJECTIVES Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with the release of proinflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 1beta, interleukin 6, and interleukin 8) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 10 and transforming growth factor beta(1)). On the one hand this cytokine release is related to the postoperative systemic inflammatory(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with an injury that may cause pathophysiological changes in the form of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) or multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). In the present study, we investigated the inflammatory response of patients with multiple organ dysfunctions following open-heart surgery. Plasma levels of(More)
OBJECTIVES Bleeding and thrombo-embolism are two of the most threatening adverse events associated with the use of continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) in the treatment of severe heart failure. We analysed our LVAD patients treated with the HeartMate II (HM II) device by following a low anticoagulation regimen. METHODS Between 2008 and(More)
Tricuspid valve regurgitation mostly occurs as result of dilation of the right ventricle, secondary to left heart valve diseases. Until recently, little attention has been given to the development of percutaneous therapeutic tools exclusively designed for tricuspid valve disease. A new approach to the interventional therapy of tricuspid regurgitation, in(More)
The peripheral airway innervation of the lower respiratory tract of mammals is not completely functionally characterized. Recently, we have shown in rats that precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) respond to electric field stimulation (EFS) and provide a useful model to study neural airway responses in distal airways. Since airway responses are known to exhibit(More)
OBJECTIVE The trace elements selenium, copper, and zinc are essential for maintaining the oxidative balance. A depletion of antioxidative trace elements has been observed in critically ill patients and is associated with the development of multiorgan dysfunction and an increased mortality. Cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass provokes(More)
BACKGROUND Protection from reperfusion injury by ischemic pre-conditioning (IPC) before prolonged ischemia has been proven for the heart and the liver. We now assess the efficacy of IPC to protect lungs from reperfusion injury. METHODS Eighteen foxhounds (25 to 30 kg) were anesthetized, intubated, and ventilated with a fraction of inspired oxygen of 0.3(More)
INTRODUCTION The right inferior ganglionated plexus (RIGP) selectively innervates the atrioventricular node. Temporary electrical stimulation of this plexus reduces the ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation (AF). We sought to assess the feasibility of chronic parasympathetic stimulation for ventricular rate control during AF with a nonthoracotomy(More)
BACKGROUND Operative risk scoring algorithms identify patients with severe AS for transcatheter valve implantation in whom the anticipated operative mortality for conventional surgery would be considered prohibitive. We compared the three risk scores EuroScore 1 (LES), society of thoracic surgeons' (STS) score and ACEF (age-creatinine-ejection fraction(More)