Jan Regnström

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Animal studies indicate a possible role for lipid oxidation in the development of atherosclerosis. We set out to investigate whether there was a relation between the ability of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to resist oxidation in vitro and the severity of coronary atherosclerosis in man. 35 unselected young (mean [SD] age 39.9 [4.2] years) male survivors of(More)
Animal studies have demonstrated that hypercholesterolemia leads to the development of fibromuscular atherosclerotic lesions that are characterized by the intimal accumulation of cholesterol esters in macrophage foam cells and focal proliferation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs). There is now convincing evidence that formation of foam cells occurs as a result(More)
In experimental models of atherosclerosis, activation of smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration from the media to the intima is preceded by intimal accumulation of inflammatory cells, suggesting that cytokines may be involved in this process. The present study demonstrates that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) regulates cytoskeletal organization of SMCs(More)
Oxidized LDL (oxLDL) is present in atherosclerotic lesions and is believed to play a key role in atherogenesis. Mainly on the basis of cell culture studies, oxLDL has been shown to produce many biological effects that influence the atherosclerotic process. To study LDL oxidation in vivo, we have established a model in which Sprague-Dawley rats are given a(More)
The Probucol Quantitative Regression Swedish Trial (PQRST) investigated the effect of the lipid lowering and antioxidant drug probucol on the development of atherosclerosis in humans. 303 hypercholesterolemic patients were randomized to receive either probucol or placebo, in combination with dietary advice and cholestyramine for a three-year period.(More)
It has recently been shown that oxidative modification of LDL enhances the mitogenic effect of LDL on smooth muscle cell (SMC) DNA synthesis. However, because of its complex chemical structure, the mitogenic components have not been well characterized. Exposure of LDL to the oxidant Cu2+ is followed by a rapid accumulation of peroxides that peaks after 8 to(More)
Although the existence of an immune response against modified lipoproteins in atherosclerosis has been observed in experimental animals as well as in humans, the precise pathophysiological relevance of these findings remains unclear. In this study we determined the effect of an immunization with homologous LDL and copper-oxidized LDL on the formation of(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the importance of different autoantibodies against modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND Previous studies of autoantibodies against LDL have shown that patients with CAD have increased titers of autoantibodies against LDL modified by copper and malondialdehyde (MDA),(More)
Lipid accumulation in monocyte-originated macrophages in the subendothelial space is an important characteristic of atherosclerotic lesions. Several lines of evidence have indicated that this accumulation occurs as a result of lipid peroxidation. In the present study the ability of probucol to prevent oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) was(More)