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Animal studies have demonstrated that hypercholesterolemia leads to the development of fibromuscular atherosclerotic lesions that are characterized by the intimal accumulation of cholesterol esters in macrophage foam cells and focal proliferation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs). There is now convincing evidence that formation of foam cells occurs as a result(More)
Animal studies indicate a possible role for lipid oxidation in the development of atherosclerosis. We set out to investigate whether there was a relation between the ability of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to resist oxidation in vitro and the severity of coronary atherosclerosis in man. 35 unselected young (mean [SD] age 39.9 [4.2] years) male survivors of(More)
Although the existence of an immune response against modified lipoproteins in atherosclerosis has been observed in experimental animals as well as in humans, the precise pathophysiological relevance of these findings remains unclear. In this study we determined the effect of an immunization with homologous LDL and copper-oxidized LDL on the formation of(More)
In experimental models of atherosclerosis, activation of smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration from the media to the intima is preceded by intimal accumulation of inflammatory cells, suggesting that cytokines may be involved in this process. The present study demonstrates that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) regulates cytoskeletal organization of SMCs(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori (HP) in patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD) and in healthy controls. Furthermore, to investigate whether HP infection is associated with inflammatory parameters, lipid concentrations and degree and progression of CAD. DESIGN A case-control study(More)
The susceptibility of low density lipoprotein (LDL) to oxidative modification can be determined by analyzing the lag phase for initiation of diene formation in isolated LDL exposed to Cu2+. However, the applicability of this assay for clinical studies is limited by the requirement of a preparative ultracentrifugation of LDL and that the influence of water(More)
OBJECTIVES To study whether advice on diet and/or exercise, given in order to reduce cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged men, affects the intake of antioxidants, urate concentration and the total antioxidant capacity in serum. DESIGN A 6-month randomized controlled intervention study. SETTING Primary Health Care in Sollentuna, Stockholm, and the(More)
Oxidized LDL (oxLDL) is present in atherosclerotic lesions and is believed to play a key role in atherogenesis. Mainly on the basis of cell culture studies, oxLDL has been shown to produce many biological effects that influence the atherosclerotic process. To study LDL oxidation in vivo, we have established a model in which Sprague-Dawley rats are given a(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the importance of different autoantibodies against modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND Previous studies of autoantibodies against LDL have shown that patients with CAD have increased titers of autoantibodies against LDL modified by copper and malondialdehyde (MDA),(More)
It has recently been shown that oxidative modification of LDL enhances the mitogenic effect of LDL on smooth muscle cell (SMC) DNA synthesis. However, because of its complex chemical structure, the mitogenic components have not been well characterized. Exposure of LDL to the oxidant Cu2+ is followed by a rapid accumulation of peroxides that peaks after 8 to(More)