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Vertebrate striated muscle behaves elastically when stretched and this property is thought to reside primarily within the giant filamentous protein, titin (connectin). The elastic portion of titin comprises two distinct structural motifs, immunoglobulin (Ig) domains and the PEVK titin, which is a novel motif family rich in proline, glutamate, valine and(More)
Smooth muscle contraction depends on the state of myosin phosphorylation and hence on the balance of myosin light chain kinase and phosphatase activity. Effects of okadaic acid isolated from black sponge on both enzyme activities and contractility were studied in chemically skinned fibers from guinea pig taenia coli. The toxin strongly inhibits myosin(More)
Calcium-dependent regulation of tension and ATPase activity in permeabilized porcine ventricular muscle was lost after incubation with 10 mM vanadate. After transfer from vanadate to a vanadate-free, low-Ca2+ solution (pCa greater than 8), the permeabilized muscle produced 84.8% +/- 20.1% (+/- S.D., n = 98) of the isometric force elicited by high Ca2+ (pCa(More)
Previous studies have shown reduced effects of cAMP-dependent positive inotropic agents in the failing human myocardium; thus other cAMP-independent mechanisms of action may be useful to increase force of contraction in this condition. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether a positive inotropic effect of the cAMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE)(More)
The high stiffness of relaxed cardiac myofibrils is explainable mainly by the expression of a short-length titin (connectin), the giant elastic protein of the vertebrate myofibrillar cytoskeleton. However, additional molecular features could account for this high stiffness, such as interaction between titin and actin, which has previously been reported in(More)
1. Twitch fibres isolated from the sartorius muscle of the frog were glycerinated (cf. Heinl, 1972) and thin fibre bundles dissected from the m. ileofibularis of the tortoise were briefly glycerinated as described by Julian (1971).2. The glycerinated fibres (length 0.3-0.5 cm) were fixed to an apparatus which performed length changes within 5 msec and(More)
1. In guinea-pig taenia coli skinned with Triton X-100, the marine sponge toxin okadaic acid (OA; 0.1-10 microM) produced a dose-dependent enhancement of isometric tension in the presence of low concentrations (0.1-1 microM) of Ca2+. 2. The Ca2+-tension relation of the skinned taenia showed a high co-operativity (Hill coefficient, h = 5) in the presence of(More)
The effects of a protein phosphatase inhibitor, okadaic acid (OA), were studied on membrane currents of isolated myocytes from guinea-pig cardiac ventricle. The whole-cell Ca2+ current (I Ca) was recorded as peak inward current in response to test pulse to O mV. Extracellular application of OA (5–100μM) produced an increase ofI Ca. The effect was markedly(More)