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The increasing incidence of military aircraft engine failures that can be traced to high-cycle fatigue (HCF) has prompted a reassessment of the design methodologies for HCF-critical components, such as turbine blades and disks. Because of the high-frequency vibratory loading involved, damage-tolerant design methodologies based on a threshold for no crack(More)
The constructionof quadraticC 1 surfacesfrom B-spline control points is generalized to a wider class of control meshes capable of outlining arbitrary free-form surfaces in space. Irregular meshes with non quadrilateral cells and more or fewer than four cells meeting at a point are allowed so that arbitrary free-form surfaces with or without boundary can be(More)
The role of foreign-object damage (FOD) and its effect on high-cycle fatigue (HGF) failures in a turbine engine Ti– 6Al–4V alloy is examined in the context of the use of the Kitagawa–Takahashi diagram to describe the limiting conditions for such failures. Experimentally, FOD is simulated by firing 1 and 3.2 mm diameter steel spheres onto the flat specimen(More)
Fixed air quality stations have limitations when used to assess people's real life exposure to air pollutants. Their spatial coverage is too limited to capture the spatial variability in, e.g., an urban or industrial environment. Complementary mobile air quality measurements can be used as an additional tool to fill this void. In this publication we(More)
The objective of this work is to provide a rationale approach to de®ne the limiting conditions for high-cycle fatigue (HCF) in the presence of foreign-object damage (FOD). This study focused on the role of simulated FOD in a€ecting the initiation and early growth of small surface fatigue cracks in a Ti±6Al±4V alloy, processed for typical turbine blade(More)
The high-cycle fatigue (HCF) of titanium alloy turbine engine components remains a principal cause of failures in military aircraft engines. A recent initiative sponsored by the United States Air Force has focused on the major drivers for such failures in Ti-6Al-4V, a commonly used turbine blade alloy, specifically for fan and compressor blades. However, as(More)
Gaussian process regression is used to predict ultrafine particle (UFP) number concentrations. We infer their number concentrations based on the concentrations of NO, NO 2 , CO and O 3 at half hour and five minutes resolution. Because UFP number concentrations follow from a dynamic process, we have used a non-stationary kernel based on the addition of a(More)