Jan-Peter Hildebrandt

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Blood-sucking leeches have been used for medical purposes in humans for hundreds of years. Accordingly, one of the most prominent species has been named Hirudo medicinalis by Carl Linne in 1758. Feeding on vertebrate blood poses some serious problems to blood-sucking ectoparasites, as they have to penetrate the body surface of the host and to suppress the(More)
Soluble virulence-associated factors of Staphylococcus aureus like haemolysin A (Hla) induce secretion of chemo/cytokines from airway epithelial cells. To elucidate the potential roles of specific signalling pathways in this response, we treated 16HBE14o-, S9 or A549 cells with recombinant Hla (rHla). In a dose-dependent manner, rHla induced secretion of(More)
The pneumococcal surface protein C (PspC) is a major adhesin of Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococci) that interacts in a human-specific manner with the ectodomain of the human polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) produced by respiratory epithelial cells. This interaction promotes bacterial colonization and bacterial internalization by initiating host(More)
Part of the innate defence of bronchial epithelia against bacterial colonization is secretion of salt and water which generally depends on coordinated actions of receptor-mediated cAMP- and calcium signalling. The hypothesis that Staphylococcus aureus-virulence factors interfere with endogenous signals in host cells was tested by measuring agonist-mediated(More)
1,2-Dihydro-1-hydroxy-2-(organosulfonyl)areno[d] [1,2,3]diazaborines 2 (arene = benzene, naphthalene, thiophene, furan, pyrrole) were synthesized by reaction of (organosulfonyl)hydrazones of arene aldehydes or ketones with tribromoborane in the presence of ferric chloride. The activities of 2 against bacteria in vitro and in vivo (Escherichia coli) were(More)
Blood-sucking leeches like the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, have been used for medical purposes since ancient times. During feeding, medicinal leeches transfer a broad range of bioactive substances into the host’s wound to prevent premature hemostasis and blood coagulation. Hirudin is probably the best known of these substances. Despite its long(More)
The possibility of improving the antibacterial activities of drugs normally excluded by Gram-negative bacteria with polymyxin B nonapeptide (PMBN) has been explored. In vitro, PMBN rendered clindamycin, erythromycin, novobiocin, rifampicin and vancomycin very active against a number of Gram-negative enteric bacteria. The drug also sensitized the previously(More)
Numerous lipid A analogs have been synthesized in an attempt to dissociate endotoxic activities from beneficial immunomodulatory activities. In the present study, we have evaluated select lipid A analogs in macrophages for their ability to induce a panel of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-inducible genes to gain insights into the molecular mechanisms which(More)
The "nasal glands" occur in many bird species and are powerful sodium ion-excretory organs. In ducks, they are located in supraorbital bony recesses. Granulomatous inflammation of these glands occurs with an incidence of approximately 1% in ducklings (Anas platyrhynchos), and is not associated with specific clinical symptoms. We investigated nine glands of(More)
SDZ MRL 953, a new synthetic monosaccharidic lipid A, was investigated in vitro and in vivo for immunopharmacological activities. In experimental models of microbial infections, the compound was highly protective when it was administered prophylactically either once or three times to myelosuppressed or immunocompetent mice. The 50% effective doses of SDZ(More)