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BACKGROUND Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is reported to reduce biomarkers of ischemic and reperfusion injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, but uncertainty about clinical outcomes remains. METHODS We conducted a prospective, double-blind, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial involving adults who were scheduled for elective cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the water-soluble poly-(ADP)-ribose-polymerase (PARP) inhibitor 5-aminoisoquinolinone (5-AIQ) on liver microcirculation and function after haemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. DESIGN Controlled, randomized animal study. SETTING University animal care facility and research laboratory. (More)
AIMS Transient ischaemia of non-vital tissue has been shown to enhance the tolerance of remote organs to cope with a subsequent prolonged ischaemic event in a number of clinical conditions, a phenomenon known as remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC). However, there remains uncertainty about the efficacy of RIPC in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The(More)
BACKGROUND Oxygen radicals have been implicated as important mediators in the early pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis, but the mechanism by which they produce pancreatic tissue injury remains unclear. We have, therefore, investigated the effects of oxygen radicals on isolated rat pancreatic acinar cells as to the ultrastructure, cytosolic Ca2+(More)
Breath analysis could offer a non-invasive means of intravenous drug monitoring if robust correlations between drug concentrations in breath and blood can be established. In this study, propofol blood and breath concentrations were determined in an animal model under varying physiological conditions. Propofol concentrations in breath were determined by(More)
OBJECTIVE The fibrin-derived peptide Bbeta15-42 (also called FX06) has been shown to reduce myocardial infarct size following ischemia/reperfusion. Hemorrhagic shock (HS) followed by volume resuscitation represents a similar scenario, whereby a whole organism is vulnerable to reperfusion injury. DESIGN We subjected male farm-bred landrace pigs ((More)
OBJECTIVE The fibrin-derived peptide Bbeta15-42 has been shown to reduce infarct size in rodent models of ischemia-reperfusion injury. To increase its potential for translation into the clinic, we studied the effects of Bbeta15-42 in pigs, whose coronary anatomy is similar to that of humans. In addition, we evaluated the pharmacokinetics and safety of(More)
BACKGROUND Xenon is a narcotic gas that might be able to replace volatile anaesthetics or nitrous oxide due to its favourable pharmacological properties, such as providing haemodynamic stability. Intestinal oxygenation is affected by most volatile anaesthetics as a result of cardiodepressive effects. Reducing oxygenation of the gut might be a factor leading(More)
INTRODUCTION Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a crucial role in early host defense against microorganisms. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) polymorphisms have a prevalence of 10%; functional defects of TLR2 are associated with higher susceptibility toward gram-positive bacteria, and TLR2 deficiency has been associated with an impaired adrenal stress response. In(More)
OBJECTIVE Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) inhibition by function blocking antibodies (ABs) is associated with enhanced preservation of endothelial cell function during vascular disease. In the present study, we investigated the capacity of TLR2-blocking ABs to modulate the angiogenic response of endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo. APPROACH AND RESULTS(More)