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The elaborated Reichardt detector (ERD) proposed by van Santen and Sperling [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 451 (1984)], based on Reichardt's motion detector [Z. Naturforsch. Teil B 12, 447 (1957)], is an opponent system of two mirror-image subunits. Each subunit receives inputs from two spatiotemporal filters (receptive fields), multiplies the filter outputs, and(More)
We propose a model of direction-sensitive units in human vision. It is a modified and elaborated version of a model by Reichardt [Z. Naturforsch . Teil B 12, 447 (1957)]. The model is applied to threshold experiments in which subjects view adjacent vertical bars with independently (typically sinusoidally), temporally modulated luminances. The subject must(More)
I n a previous In FOCUS column, Kimball and Smith (2007) nicely articulated the benefits and challenges of creating computer technology to support individuals with autism. They also provided a well-devised three-point plan to stimulate and support progress in technology development for this population. As a follow-up to their column, the current offering(More)
Dysarthria is a motor speech impairment affecting millions of people. Dysarthric speech can he far less intelligible than that of non-dysarthric speakers, causing significant communication difficulties. The goal of this work is to understand the effect that certain modifications have on the intelligibility of dysarthric speech. These modifications are(More)
This paper reports on the construction of a model for segmental duration in German. The model predicts the durations of speech sounds in various textual, prosodic, and segmental contexts. It has been implemented in the German version of the Bell Labs text-to-speech system [18, 12]. The construction of the duration system was made efficient by the use of an(More)