Jan-Oliver Neumann

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Optimal timing of tracheostomy in ventilated patients with severe stroke is unclear. We aimed to investigate feasibility, safety, and potential advantages of early tracheostomy in these intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS This prospective, randomized, parallel-group, controlled, open, and outcome-masked pilot trial was(More)
OBJECTIVES : Total tissue sodium (Na) content is associated with the viability of cells and can be assessed by Na magnetic resonance imaging. However, the resulting total sodium signal (NaT) represents a volume-weighted average of different sodium compartments assigned to the intra- and extracellular space. In addition to the spin-density weighted contrast(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral microdialysis, cerebral blood flow, and cerebral oxygenation (PbrO2) measurements using intraparenchymal probes are widely accepted as invasive diagnostic monitoring for early detection of secondary ischemia. OBJECTIVE To evaluate a novel PbrO2 probe for continuous and quantitative oxygenation assessment compared with the existing gold(More)
BACKGROUND Three-dimensional (3D) visualization is thought to improve the anatomical understanding of clinicians, thus improving patient safety. CASE PRESENTATION A 58-year-old male was admitted to our hospital in April 2007 with a suspected metastasis of a sigmoid cancer in the Couinaud segment (CS) 7. The anatomical situation of this patient was(More)
PURPOSE To correlate histopathologic findings from biopsy specimens with their corresponding location within enhancing areas, non-enhancing areas and necrotic areas on contrast enhanced T1-weighted MRI scans (cT1). MATERIALS AND METHODS In 37 patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma who underwent stereotactic biopsy, we obtained a correlation of 561(More)
Listerial rhombencephalitis and brain abscesses are rare, but potentially life-threatening conditions. Early initiation of antibiotic therapy is crucial, but establishing the diagnosis of listerial brainstem abscess can be difficult. Stereotactic biopsy and drainage of space-occupying abscesses of the brainstem should be considered especially in cases of(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the correlation between Nuclear Overhauser Enhancement (NOE)-mediated signals and tumor cellularity in glioblastoma utilizing the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and cell density from histologic specimens. NOE is one type of chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) that originates from mobile macromolecules such as proteins and(More)
OBJECTIVE Several studies have analyzed a correlation between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) derived from diffusion-weighted MRI and the tumor cellularity of corresponding histopathological specimens in brain tumors with inconclusive findings. Here, we compared a large dataset of ADC and cellularity values of stereotactic biopsies of glioblastoma(More)
BACKGROUND There is considerable amount of interindividual variability in the size and location of the vascular territories of the major brain arteries. More data are needed to assess the amount of variability and the possible implications for further research and patient care. Arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance imaging has been applied in(More)
A newly-born infant with a congenital dural and bony defect and an associated short-segmented duplication of the superior sagittal sinus suffered from herniation and infarction of parietal brain tissue secondary to vacuum extraction. This ultimately led to the formation of a subgaleal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection. Initial operative closure of the(More)