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The complementary DNA (cDNA) coding for human cytidine deaminase (CDA) was obtained using two specific primers to screen RNA from peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes by reverse transcriptase PCR. The cDNA fragment was ligated into the expression vector pTrc99-A and expressed in Escherichia coli following induction with(More)
A gene encoding a polypeptide of 25 kDa is located immediately upstream of the gene for ribosomal protein S1, rpsA. In high gene copy number, this gene, mssA, was previously found to suppress defects in smbA, which is now known to be identical to pyrH, encoding UMP kinase. We show here that the 25-kDa polypeptide comprises CMP kinase and propose that the(More)
Mutants deficient in orotate utilization (initially termed out mutants) were isolated by selection for resistance to 5-fluoroorotate (FOA), and the mutations of 12 independently obtained isolates were found to map at 79 to 80 min on the Salmonella typhimurium chromosome. A gene complementing the mutations was cloned and sequenced and found to possess(More)
A lambda-specialized transducing phage carrying the pyrE gene from Salmonella typhimurium LT2 was constructed and used as the source of DNA for subcloning the pyrE gene into pBR322. The pyrE gene product was identified as a 23-kDa polypeptide using a minicell system for analysis of plasmid-encoded proteins. Studies utilizing a promoter-cloning vehicle(More)
The differential rate of synthesis of five of the pyrimidine biosynthetic enzymes coded for by pyrB-F, and the endogenous concentrations of the individual pyrimidine nucleotides were determined in specially constructed mutants of Salmonella typhimurium. In the mutants employed the different pyrimidine nucleotide pools may be manipulated individually during(More)
Addition of purines to the growth medium of Escherichia coli represses synthesis of cytosine deaminase (codA) and enzymes of purine de novo synthesis. After Tn10 mutagenesis, mutants displaying derepressed levels of cytosine deaminase in the presence of hypoxanthine were isolated. One of these had simultaneously acquired resistance to the hypoxanthine(More)
The nucleotide sequence of a 3.1 kb segment carrying the cytosine deaminase gene (codA) from Escherichia coli was determined. The sequence revealed the presence of two open reading frames, the first (codB) specifying a highly hydrophobic polypeptide and the second specifying cytosine deaminase. A two-codon overlap between the two reading frames indicates(More)
Significant amounts of uracil were found in the deoxyribonucleic acids (DNAs) of Escherichia coli mutants deficient in both uracil-DNA glycosylase (ung) and deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate nucleotidohydrolase (dut) activities, whereas little uracil was found in the DNAs of wild-type cells and cells deficient in only one of these two activities. The amounts of(More)
The pyrC gene of Salmonella typhimurium, encoding the third enzyme of pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis, dihydroorotase, has been cloned into the multicopy plasmid pBR322. The recombinant plasmid, pJRC1, promoted the synthesis of 20-30-fold elevated levels of dihydroorotase. The expression of pyrC was regulated to the same extent by pyrimidines whether(More)