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Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is defined as a sustained increase of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) above 20 mmHg followed by the development of organ dysfunction. Treatment of ACS is still a question to be discussed and surgical decompression is usually preferred. According to recent data, massive crystalloid resuscitation of shock plays a key role(More)
9 mmHg, and CRS increased from 26 to 46 ml/cmH2O (Fig. 1). PaO2/FIO2 ratio increased from 95 to 170. Noradrenaline infusion was decreased from 0.8 to 0.4 μg/kg per minute. CVP during fluid removal was in normal range. The patient died on the 17th day due to septic shock. The second case was that of a 40-yearold man was admitted to our ICU with severe sepsis(More)
Excessive forms of the response of organism to infection play an important role in the pathogenesis of severe sepsis. They may consist of either local pro-inflammatory response with a massive release of cytokines into the systemic circulation, or may be presented as an excessive systemic anti-inflammatory response. In the first case, the result is a(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most frequent and dangerous pathogens involved in the etiology of severe nosocomial infections. A retrospective observational study was conducted at all intensive care units of the University Hospital in Olomouc, Czech Republic (155 ICU beds). Complete antibiotic utilization data of the ICUs in the period of 1999 to 2008(More)
Evaluation of procalcitonin levels is a sensitive investigation which is significant for differentiation between microbial and non-microbial infection, a determination of its dynamics and a prediction of therapy results. It is, however, necessary to evaluate its levels in relation to other investigations and their dynamics (other inflammatory markers, organ(More)
The well-described disparity between the need for and the supply of organs suitable for transplant is growing. Because of this disparity, mortality of patients listed for transplant is increasing. Donors who die of intoxication (including victims of methanol poisoning) represent less than 1% of suitable donors and might be used to increase the supply of(More)