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A highly embryogenic cell suspension of alfalfa derived from a genotype sensitive to Fusarium oxysporum was successfully used for selection in vitro for resistance to culture filtrates of F. oxysporum, F. solani and F. avenaceum. Fifty two stable resistant cell lines were obtained and 500 plants regenerated from them. Among the 167 regenerants tested under(More)
Toxic secondary metabolites produced by fungi representing Fusarium genus are common contaminants in cereals worldwide. To estimate the dietary intake of these trichothecene mycotoxins, information on their fate during cereal processing is needed. Up-to-date techniques such as high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with tandem mass(More)
The issue of moulds and, thus, contamination with mycotoxins is very topical, particularly in connexion with forages from grass stands used at the end of the growing season. Deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZEA), fumonisins (FUM) and aflatoxins (AFL) are among the most common mycotoxins. The aim of the paper was to determine concentrations of mycotoxins(More)
The aim of this study was a monitoring of the occurrence ofAlternaria andFusarium mycotoxins in winter wheat from domestic crop in the year 2003. Altenuene was determined in 56 (100%) samples of winter wheat, range 14.5–41 μg/kg, mean 25 μg/kg. Alternariol was determined in 16 (28.6%) samples of winter wheat, range 6.3–22.1 μg/kg, mean 5.7 μ/kg. DON was(More)
Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungal species that have harmful effects on mammals. The aim of this study was to assess the content of mycotoxins in fresh-cut material of selected forage grass species both during and at the end of the growing season. We further assessed mycotoxin content in subsequently produced first-cutting silages with(More)
Red clover (Trifolium pratense) is an important forage plant worldwide. This study was directed to broadening current knowledge of red clover's coding regions and enhancing its utilization in practice by specific reanalysis of previously published assembly. A total of 42,996 genes were characterized using Illumina paired-end sequencing after manual revision(More)
Callus cultures ofMedicago sativa were treated with a preparation of elicitor from the mycelium ofFusarium oxysporum. The ability of the elicitors to induce the formation of antimicrobial substances was tested biologically. The preparation of the cell walls ofF. oxysporum induced the occurrence of substances with a strong antimicrobial effect. Thermal(More)
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