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To estimate the prevalence and to identify correlates of physical and sexual assaults or abuse among women with or at risk for HIV infection, a cross-sectional survey was conducted within a longitudinal cohort study. A total of 765 HIV-seropositive and 367 HIV-seronegative women with a history of injection drug use (51%) or high-risk sex (49%) completed the(More)
Lack of power in relationships has been offered as an explanation for why women do not always engage in safer sex behavior with male partners. However, few studies have empirically tested the association between power and self-protective behavior. Causal modeling procedures were used to examine the interrelations of seven measures of power and to examine(More)
Objective: Violence is highly prevalent among women with HIV. Determining whether HIV is causally related to violence, and whether risk for violence is increased by certain HIV prevention practices, has been difficult. Methods: We review recent literature concerning (1) violence and HIV serostatus, including the risk for violence associated with disclosure(More)
In battling HIV, many interventionists advocate the use of hierarchical messages that present multiple prevention options in order of decreasing effectiveness. The purpose of the present study was to determine if hierarchical messages provide women with additional prevention options without reducing the perceived efficacy of and willingness to use the(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES Cryosurgical ablation of the prostate is a promising new modality for the treatment localized prostate cancer. However, better protection of the rectal wall during cryoablation of the peripheral zone of the prostate (PZP) may permit deeper freezing of the PZP and for longer time, rendering the procedure safer and more effective.(More)
Fourth-generation HIV rapid tests (RTs) claim to detect both p24 antigen (Ag) and HIV antibodies (Ab) for early identification of acute infections, important for targeting prevention and reducing HIV transmission. In a nationally representative household survey in Swaziland, 18,172 adults, age 18 to 49 years, received home-based HIV rapid testing in 2010(More)
This study longitudinally examines the relation between a history of experiencing childhood and adult physical or sexual abuse, and male condom use by women with or at risk for HIV. Abuse history and prospective condom use data were collected from 214 HIV infected and 189 uninfected women participating in the HIV Epidemiology Research Study (HERS) who were(More)
The objectives of this paper are to compare the patterns of condom use at three times for sexually active HIV-infected women and a comparison group of uninfected women and to examine correlates of condom-use patterns. Data are reported from the first three visits (first year) of a longitudinal study of the biomedical and behavioral manifestations of HIV(More)
HIV testing and counseling services in Africa began in the early 1990s, with limited availability and coverage. Fears of stigma and discrimination, complex laboratory systems, and lack of available care and treatment services hampered expansion. Use of rapid point-of-care tests, introduction of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission, and(More)