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In the present study we showed that the kinetic occipital (KO) region, located laterally in occipital cortex approximately 20 mm behind human MT/V5, can be strongly and bilaterally activated under passive viewing conditions. We used continuous, randomly changing visual stimulation to compare kinetic gratings to uniform motion and kinetic gratings to(More)
To obtain further evidence for the functional specialization and task-dependent processing in the human visual system, we used positron emission tomography to compare regional cerebral blood flow in two direction discrimination tasks and four control tasks. The stimulus configuration, which was identical in all tasks, included the motion of a random dot(More)
Swarming is the fastest known bacterial mode of surface translocation and enables the rapid colonization of a nutrient-rich environment and host tissues. This complex multicellular behavior requires the integration of chemical and physical signals, which leads to the physiological and morphological differentiation of the bacteria into swarmer cells. Here,(More)
Erythromelalgia was the presenting symptom in 26 of 40 patients with thrombocythemia in its primary form or when associated with polycythemia vera. The localized painful burning, redness, and warm congestion in the extremities could be accurately documented with thermography. Skin punch biopsy samples taken from the affected areas showed typical arteriolar(More)
The present study revises the criteria of the Polycythemia Vera Group (PVSG) for the diagnoses of essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV) in view of accumulating data on in vitro cultures of hematopoietic progenitors and by adding histopathology from bone marrow biopsies. The majority of ET patients show spontaneous megakaryocyte or(More)
Plant root development can be largely affected through the association of roots with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). However, little is known about the identity of plant genes enabling such PGPR-plant root associations. Differences in the responsiveness to PGPR among cultivars suggest genetic variation for this trait within germplasm. In this(More)
Bacterial cells can produce and sense signal molecules, allowing the whole population to initiate a concerted action once a critical concentration (corresponding to a particular population density) of the signal has been reached, a phenomenon known as quorum sensing. One of the possible quorum sensing-regulated phenotypes is swarming, a flagella-driven(More)
Differentiation of essential thrombocythemia (ET) from thrombocythemias occurring in various subtypes of chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs) is controversial, because of the lack of uniform clinical and morphological criteria. A retrospective clinicopathologic study was performed on 375 patients presenting with a MPD and a platelet count exceeding(More)
Members of the large superclass of P-loop GTPases share a core domain with a conserved three-dimensional structure. In eukaryotes, these proteins are implicated in various crucial cellular processes, including translation, membrane trafficking, cell cycle progression, and membrane signaling. As targets of mutation and toxins, GTPases are involved in the(More)
In human vision, two features of the same object can be identified concurrently without loss of accuracy. Performance declines, however, when the features belong to different objects in opposite visual fields. We hypothesized that different positron emission tomography activation patterns would reflect these behavioral results. We first delineated an(More)