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We examined the influence of renal ischemia in rats with diabetes mellitus (DM). Male Wistar rats were rendered diabetic by streptozotocin treatment. Two weeks later, 30 minutes of complete ischemia was induced in the left kidney of DM and non-DM animals. Both groups were evaluated functionally and morphologically four or eight weeks post-ischemia. In(More)
BACKGROUND An exceptional susceptibility to unilateral renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury resulting in inflammation, fibrosis, atrophy of the kidney, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has been demonstrated in the diabetic rat. The aim of this study was to examine whether insulin treatment would reduce I/R injury in diabetic kidneys. METHODS Diabetes(More)
The control of hyperphosphatemia in dialysis patients is frequently achieved using aluminium hydroxide (A1(OH)3) and/or calcium carbonate (Ca CO3). However, this effect is counterbalanced by risk of aluminium intoxication and hypercalcemia. An alternative to the use of these phosphate binders is the prescription of magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH)2) in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Unilateral renal ischemia during 30 min causes severe, non-reversible renal damage in diabetic (DM) rats, but not in nondiabetic rats. Hyaluronan (HA) is a glycosaminglycan involved in various forms of renal injury. We examined the role of HA and CD44, a major receptor for HA, in the development of postischemic renal injury in DM rats. (More)