Jan Malanowski

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It could be argued that clinical experience with cholinergic drugs in the therapy of AD has not yet shown relevant symptomatic improvements. The main reasons for this might be attributed to peripheral cholinergic effects and the liver toxicity of some of these drugs, which limit their use and prevent confirmation of the cholinergic hypothesis (Gray et al.,(More)
The effects of the compound RS 86 (2-ethyl-8-methyl-2,8-diazaspiro-[4,5]-decan-1,3-dion hydrobromide) in a number of in vitro and in vivo test systems for muscarinic cholinergic activity were analyzed and compared to those of classical muscarinic receptor agonists. In radioligand binding assays RS 86 presented high nanomolar apparent affinity only for sites(More)
SDZ EAA 494 (D-CPPene) was characterized as a competitive NMDA antagonist, having a pA2 value against NMDA depolarizations in frog spinal cord and rat neocortex of 6.7-6.8 and a pKi of 7.5 in a [3H]CGP39653 binding assay, with no action on other receptors or amine reuptake. The compound was orally active in rodent maximal electroshock models with an ED50 of(More)
In their first swim in an unfamiliar circular swimming pool, control rats showed declines in average swimming speed and in the time spent in the perimeter of the pool. Both declines were antagonized by the muscarinic antagonist scopolamine, but not by methylscopolamine, a muscarinic antagonist that crosses the blood-brain barrier only poorly, indicating(More)
In diabetic patients, excessive peak plantar pressure has been identified as major risk factor for ulceration. Analyzing plantar pressure distributions potentially improves the identification of patients with a high risk for foot ulceration development. The goal of this study was to classify regional plantar pressure distributions. By means of a(More)
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