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OBJECTIVE To provide an update on the "catecholamine hypothesis" of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD Recent work examining the measurement of the norepinephrine, epinephrine, and dopamine systems in ADHD and normal subjects is reviewed and discussed in the context of recent neuroimaging and animal studies. RESULTS While data(More)
Pretreatment measures of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HYPAC) function in depressed, manic, and healthy normal subjects showed that nonsuppression on the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) had less positive predictive value for major diagnostic category and was more frequent in normals (8/77) than recently reported, although it was yet more(More)
Levels of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) in the CSF, and norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), vanillylmandelic acid, normetanephrine, metanephrine, and MHPG in the urine, were measured in 151 hospitalized patients with affective disorders and in 80 healthy controls following a(More)
Recent research findings indicate that depressive disorders may be divided into two groups, A and B, using specific biochemical and pharmacological criteria. It is suggested that in the A group there is a disorder of norepinephrine systems are not altered. Further, there is the possibility that B types patients have disorder of serotonin, but not(More)
As part of the National Institute of Mental Health Clinical Research Branch Collaborative Program on the Psychobiology of Depression, the authors compared concentrations of CSF monoamine metabolites (the norepinephrine metabolite 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol [MHPG], the dopamine metabolite homovanillic acid [HVA], and the serotonin metabolite(More)
Preliminary data are presented from the NIMH Collaborative Study on the psychobiology of depression, biological studies, dealing with relationships between the pre-treatment levels of the neurotransmitter metabolites 3-methoxy-4-hydrophenethyleneglycol (MHPG), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and homovanillic acid (HVA) and the subsequent therapeutic(More)
Despite cumulative evidence that the tricyclic drugs result in significant changes in the functioning of brain serotonergic (5-HT) and nordrenergic (NE) systems, such changes have not been found to be associated with recovery from depression. Based upon evidence that the 5-HT and NE systems were associated with different emotions, it was hypothesized that(More)