Jan M van Deursen

Learn More
The oncogenic nucleoporin CAN/Nup214 is essential in vertebrate cells. Its depletion results in defective nuclear protein import, inhibition of messenger RNA export and cell cycle arrest. We recently found that CAN associates with proteins of 88 and 112 kDa, which we have now cloned and characterized. The 88 kDa protein is a novel nuclear pore complex (NPC)(More)
MDC1 functions in checkpoint activation and DNA repair following DNA damage. To address the physiological role of MDC1, we disrupted the MDC1 gene in mice. MDC1-/- mice recapitulated many phenotypes of H2AX-/- mice, including growth retardation, male infertility, immune defects, chromosome instability, DNA repair defects, and radiation sensitivity. At the(More)
Advanced age is the main risk factor for most chronic diseases and functional deficits in humans, but the fundamental mechanisms that drive ageing remain largely unknown, impeding the development of interventions that might delay or prevent age-related disorders and maximize healthy lifespan. Cellular senescence, which halts the proliferation of damaged or(More)
Aging is the largest risk factor for most chronic diseases, which account for the majority of morbidity and health care expenditures in developed nations. New findings suggest that aging is a modifiable risk factor, and it may be feasible to delay age-related diseases as a group by modulating fundamental aging mechanisms. One such mechanism is cellular(More)
Forkhead transcription factors FOXO1 (FKHR), FOXO3a (FKHRL1), and FOXO4 (AFX) play a pivotal role in tumor suppression by inducing growth arrest and apoptosis. Loss of function of these factors due to phosphorylation and proteasomal degradation has been implicated in cell transformation and malignancy. However, the ubiquitin ligase necessary for the(More)
To understand the physiological role of the creatine kinase-phosphocreatine (CK-PCr) system in muscle bioenergetics, a null mutation of the muscle CK (M-CK) gene was introduced into the germline of mice. Mutant mice show no alterations in absolute muscle force, but lack the ability to perform burst activity. Their fast-twitch fibers have an increased(More)
The WD-repeat proteins Rae1 and Bub3 show extensive sequence homology, indicative of functional similarity. However, previous studies have suggested that Rae1 is involved in the mRNA export pathway and Bub3 in the mitotic checkpoint. To determine the in vivo roles of Rae1 and Bub3 in mammals, we generated knockout mice that have these genes deleted(More)
53BP1 is a p53 binding protein of unknown function that binds to the central DNA-binding domain of p53. It relocates to the sites of DNA strand breaks in response to DNA damage and is a putative substrate of the ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) kinase. To study the biological role of 53BP1, we disrupted the 53BP1 gene in the mouse. We show that, similar(More)
Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) are activated by tyrosine phosphorylation in response to cytokines and mediate many of their functional responses. Stat4 was initially cloned as a result of its homology with Stat1 (refs 4, 5) and is widely expressed, although it is only tyrosine-phosphorylated after stimulation of T cells with(More)
Gle2p is implicated in nuclear export of poly(A)+ RNA and nuclear pore complex (NPC) structure and distribution in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Gle2p is anchored at the nuclear envelope (NE) via a short Gle2p-binding motif within Nup116p called GLEBS. The molecular mechanism by which Gle2p and the Gle2p-Nup116p interaction function in mRNA export is unknown.(More)