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Toxicity and histopathology of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in zebrafish (Danio rerio) early life stages was characterized from 12 to 240 hr postfertilization (hpf) following water-borne exposure of newly fertilized eggs. TCDD did not increase egg mortality (0-48 hpf), nor did it affect time to hatching (48-96 hpf). Egg doses of 1.5 ng(More)
There is a great deal of evidence that altered sphingolipid metabolism is associated with fumonisin-induced animal diseases including increased apoptotic and oncotic necrosis, and carcinogenesis in rodent liver and kidney. The biochemical consequences of fumonisin disruption of sphingolipid metabolism most likely to alter cell regulation are increased free(More)
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is emerging as a new important species for studying mechanisms of brain function and dysfunction. Focusing on selected central nervous system (CNS) disorders (brain cancer, epilepsy, and anxiety) and using them as examples, we discuss the value of zebrafish models in translational neuroscience. We further evaluate the(More)
The influence of noradrenergic mechanisms involved in micturition in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats was investigated using continuous cystometry in in vivo and in vitro studies on isolated bladder and urethral tissues. Compared with WKY rats, SHR had a significantly lower bladder capacity (SHR: 0.7 +/- 0. 05 ml; WKY rats:(More)
To determine effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on growth, mortality, and morphologic lesions in rainbow trout, juvenile Shasta or Wytheville strain fish, obtained from 4 hatcheries, were administered graded single doses of TCDD, 0.1-125 micrograms/kg, ip. TCDD doses of 25 and 125 micrograms/kg caused 85% lethality 2-4 wk after treatment.(More)
To better understand the role of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) signaling pathway in causing tissue-specific signs of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) toxicity in zebrafish, the temporal and spatial expression of the zebrafish aryl hydrocarbon receptor 2 (zfAHR2), aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator 2 (zfARNT2), and an AHR(More)
A major goal of cancer research has been to identify genes that contribute to cancer formation. The similar pathology between zebrafish and human tumors, as well as the past success of large-scale genetic screens in uncovering human disease genes, makes zebrafish an ideal system in which to find such new genes. Here, we show that a zebrafish forward genetic(More)
White sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) support an active fishery in the Columbia River, but there is poor reproductive success within the impounded sections. The poor reproductive success has been attributed to hydroelectric development; however, water pollution could be a significant factor. White sturgeon plasma, liver, and gonad samples were collected(More)
Hallmark signs of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) toxicity in rainbow trout sac fry, are yolk sac edema, hemorrhage, craniofacial malformation, and growth retardation culminating in mortality. Our objective was to determine the role of cardiovascular dysfunction in the development of this toxicity. An embryotoxic TCDD dose (385 pg/g egg) caused a(More)
The development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and hyperactive voiding in rats with urethral obstruction are characterized by abnormal smooth muscle growth, increased tissue levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) and altered patterns of innervation. The present study was undertaken to determine if bladder smooth muscle from SHRs(More)