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Vanilloid (capsaicin) receptors were visualized by [3H]resiniferatoxin (RTX) autoradiography in the brain of newborn as well as adult (both control and colchicine-treated) rats. Specific labelling was seen in the brain stem only, in the nucleus of the solitary tract extending into the area postrema and the spinal sensory nucleus of the trigeminal nerve.(More)
The exact origin of nitric oxide (NO) in exhaled air is not known. We wanted to further investigate at what site exhaled NO is produced and to determine whether children with Kartagener's syndrome exhibited altered levels of exhaled NO. NO was measured by chemiluminescence technique in air sampled directly from the nose and in normally exhaled air of four(More)
The presence of nitric oxide (NO) in the exhaled air of humans has recently been described. We wanted to assess at what level exhaled NO originates in normal airways, and to determine whether airway inflammation induces changes in the levels of exhaled NO. Exhaled NO was continuously measured by chemiluminescence technique during normal tidal breathing(More)
High values (800-6000 parts per billion) of nitric oxide (NO) in expelled air from the stomach were shown in humans by chemiluminescence technique. These NO values were more than 100 times higher than those found in orally exhaled air. Intragastric NO production is probably non-enzymatic, requiring an acidic environment, as NO in expelled air was reduced by(More)
Intravenous injection of leukotriene C4 (1 nmol X kg-1) caused substantial plasma exudation in anesthetized guinea pigs, as evidenced by marked hemoconcentration 15% in 5 min) and significant extravasation of Evans blue. Fluorometric quantitation of Evans blue content in 38 selected tissues documented that leukotriene C4 caused significant plasma(More)
In immunohistochemical studies, substance P-immunoreactivity (SP-IR) was found in a population of trigeminal ganglion cells in guinea pig, rat and cat. SP-IR nerve endings were found in the spinal trigeminal nucleus, around sphenopalatine ganglion cells, around blood vessels, as well as under and within the epithelium of the nasal mucosa. Ligation and(More)
Using immunohistochemistry evidence was obtained for the coexistence of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)- and substance P (SP)-like immunoreactivity in spinal sensory neurons. Analysis of caudally directed biting and scratching (CBS) behavior was carried out after intrathecal administration of CGRP and SP alone or in combination. Thus, SP (up to 20(More)
A sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay was developed to determine the occurrence and concentration of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in plasma and tissue extracts. Furthermore, NPY-like immunoreactivity (NPY-Li) was characterized by means of three different chromatographic systems. The NPY antiserum used (NI) did not cross-react with related peptides of the(More)