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The presence of nitric oxide (NO) in the exhaled air of humans has recently been described. We wanted to assess at what level exhaled NO originates in normal airways, and to determine whether airway inflammation induces changes in the levels of exhaled NO. Exhaled NO was continuously measured by chemiluminescence technique during normal tidal breathing(More)
Vanilloid (capsaicin) receptors were visualized by [3H]resiniferatoxin (RTX) autoradiography in the brain of newborn as well as adult (both control and colchicine-treated) rats. Specific labelling was seen in the brain stem only, in the nucleus of the solitary tract extending into the area postrema and the spinal sensory nucleus of the trigeminal nerve.(More)
By a combination of the indirect immunofluorescence technique with acetylcholinesterase (acetylcholine acetylhydrolase, EC 3.1.1.7) staining, it was shown that vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) is present in cholinergic (acetylcholinesterase-rich) neurons involved in control of secretion and vasodilation in exocrine glands of cat. The submandibular(More)
In the present immunohistochemical study the distribution of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) was studied in various autonomic ganglia and in related peripheral tissues of the rat. For comparison some other neuronal markers including acetylcholinesterase and tyrosine hydroxylase as well as several neuropeptides were analysed on adjacent or the same sections. The(More)
Immunohistochemical studies showed that substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivity co-exist in capsaicin-sensitive primary sensory neurons. Varicose SP- and CGRP-immunoreactive nerve fibres with a similar distribution pattern were seen in the lower airways and heart. The functional analysis revealed that CGRP caused cardiac(More)
In immunohistochemical studies using antisera to peptide YY (PYY), a 36 amino acid polypeptide isolated from porcine duodenum, it was found that PYY-like immunoreactivity occurred mainly in endocrine cells of the gastrointestinal mucosa. PYY-immunoreactive cells were particularly abundant in the distal intestine and have been observed in five species,(More)