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BACKGROUND Axillary reverse mapping (ARM) is a technique that discerns axillary lymphatic drainage of the arm from the breast. This study was performed to evaluate both the feasibility of this technique and the proportion of metastatic involvement of ARM-nodes. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with invasive breast cancer and an indication for axillary lymph(More)
The Multicenter Morphometric Mammary Carcinoma Project (MMMCP) has been set up to investigate prospectively the prognostic value and reproducibility of routine assessments of the morphometric Multivariate Prognostic Index (MPI) and other quantitative parameters in comparison with classical prognosticators and steroid receptors in breast cancer patients. In(More)
Transesophageal endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is a minimally invasive technique to investigate the mediastinum. Although EUS-FNA can be considered in general as a safe technique, complications do occur. We here report an infectious complication of EUS-FNA that occurred after puncture of a large malignant necrotic mediastinal(More)
In recent years, endoscopic ultrasound techniques with Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) have become an increasingly used diagnostic aid in the differentiation of mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) and endoesophageal ultrasound (EUS) are now available for clinicians to reach mediastinal and paramediastinal masses using a minimally(More)
The literature on breast cancer reports conflicting prognostic results with respect to DNA ploidy of flow cytometric DNA histograms. This might result from different DNA ploidy classification methods. Our study evaluated the prognostic power of DNA ploidy, using different classification methods, in a large prospective group (n = 1301) of breast cancer(More)
Preface to the Second Edition It has been more than eight years since the first edition of this book presented readers with the friendly face of causation and her mathematical artistry. The popular reception of the book and the rapid growth of the field call for a new edition to assist causation through her second transformation – from a demystified wonder(More)
Conflicting prognostic results with regard to DNA flow cytometric cell cycle variables have been reported for breast cancer patients. An important reason for this may be related to differences in the interpretation of DNA histograms. Several computer programs based on different cell cycle fitting models are available resulting in significant variations in(More)
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