Learn More
The association of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) subclass patterns with coronary heart disease was investigated in a case-control study of nonfatal myocardial infarction. Subclasses of LDL were analyzed by gradient gel electrophoresis of plasma samples from 109 cases and 121 controls. The LDL subclass pattern characterized by a preponderance of small, dense(More)
apoE-deficient mice have been created by homologous recombination in ES cells. On a low fat, low cholesterol chow diet these animals have plasma cholesterol levels of 494 mg/dl compared with 60 mg/dl in control animals, and when challenged with a high fat Western-type diet, these animals have plasma cholesterol levels of 1821 mg/dl compared with 132 mg/dl(More)
Levels of apolipoprotein B, the protein component of low-density lipoproteins, correlate with the risk of coronary heart disease. We examined whether genetic variation in apolipoprotein B is associated with myocardial infarction by studying apolipoprotein B-gene restriction-fragment-length polymorphisms in 84 patients with myocardial infarction and an equal(More)
The glycosylated minor hemoglobin components Hb A1a+b and HbA1c are elevated in insulin-dependent juvenile diabetic patients, 3.2+/-0.7 (+/-1 SD) and 10.0+/-1.9% of total hemoglobin respectively, versus 2.1+/-0.4 and 4.9+/-0.7% in a normal non-diabetic control population. Total glycosylated hemoglobin components, Hb A1a+b+c, correlated with the degree of(More)
Five DNA polymorphisms were detected in the promoter of the apolipoprotein CIII gene of a type III hyperlipidemic subject with severe hypertriglyceridemia (HTG). The polymorphic sites were C-641-->A, G-630--> A, T-625-->deletion, C-482-->T, and T-455-->C, with the previously reported base at each site designated allele 1 and the variant base designated(More)
The human apo-E gene has been isolated from a lambda phage library using as a probe the previously reported apo-E cDNA clone pE-301. Lambda apo-E was mapped and subcloned, and the apo-E gene was completely sequenced. The DNA sequence was compared with that of a near full length cDNA clone pE-368 and revealed three introns. The first intron was in the region(More)
Focal recruitment of monocytes and lymphocytes is one of the earliest detectable cellular responses in the formation of lesions of atherosclerosis. This localized accumulation of leukocytes is a multistep process in which the endothelium remains intact and may regulate leukocyte recruitment by expressing specific adhesion molecules. To examine the(More)
We present GERMLINE, a robust algorithm for identifying segmental sharing indicative of recent common ancestry between pairs of individuals. Unlike methods with comparable objectives, GERMLINE scales linearly with the number of samples, enabling analysis of whole-genome data in large cohorts. Our approach is based on a dictionary of haplotypes that is used(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) E-deficient transgenic mice develop marked hyperlipidemia and progressive atherosclerotic lesions. To explore whether oxidative modification of lipoproteins is involved in atherogenesis in this murine model, we performed extensive immunocytochemical studies. Atherosclerotic lesions ranging from early fatty streaks to very advanced(More)
OBJECTIVE A semisynthetic diet with varying amounts of cholesterol was used to achieve hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis in LDL receptor-deficient (LDLR-/-) mice. Atherosclerotic lesions were measured as cross-sectional area at the aortic root and brachiocephalic artery and by en face analysis of aortic lesion area in 209 male and female animals on(More)