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Management of low-grade gliomas continues to be a challenging task, because CT and MRI do not always differentiate from nontumoral lesions. Furthermore, tumor extent and aggressiveness often remain unclear because of a lack of contrast enhancement. Previous studies indicated that large neutral amino acid tracers accumulate in most brain tumors, including(More)
Thrombolytic therapy of acute ischemic stroke can be successful only as long as there is penumbral tissue perfused at rates between the thresholds of normal function and irreversible structural damage, respectively. To determine the proportion of tissue at risk of infarction, cerebral perfusion was studied in 12 patients with acute ischemic stroke who(More)
Experimental models of focal cerebral ischemia have provided important data on early circulatory and biochemical changes, but typically their correspondence with metabolic and hemodynamic findings in stroke patients has been poor. To fill the gap between experimental studies at early time points and rather late clinical studies, we repeatedly measured CBF,(More)
PURPOSE Positron emission tomography (PET) using 18F-radiolabeled deoxyglucose (18F-FDG) is a sensitive procedure for detection of epileptogenic foci. Although alterations in glucose consumption are not restricted to the area of seizure generation itself, the magnitude and extent of cerebral metabolic disturbances induced by epileptic discharges can be(More)
The wider clinical acceptance of thrombolytic therapy for ischemic stroke has focused more attention on experimental models of reversible focal ischemia. Such models enable the study of the effect of ischemia of various durations and of reperfusion on the development of infarctions. We used high-resolution positron emission tomography (PET) to assess(More)
The long-term prognosis of 60 patients operated on for carpal tunnel syndrome has been assessed in a prospective study with a median follow-up period of 5.5 years (range 2-11 years). Analysis of motor, sensory, trophic, and electrodiagnostic findings and assessment of pain were performed pre- and post-operatively using a standardized grading system. The(More)
Determination of residual flow within the ischemic brain may be important in patients eligible for thrombolytic therapy. Conventional cerebral blood flow (CBF) quantification often cannot be achieved in these cases because arterial blood sampling required for the input function is prohibited. Quantitative CBF was measured in 20 patients with ischemic stroke(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ischemic symptoms in children with Moyamoya syndrome are typically provoked by hyperventilation (HV) and are accompanied by the "re-build-up" phenomenon in EEG. The value of scintigraphic detection of HV-provoked perfusion deficits remains to be elucidated. PATIENTS AND METHODS In seven children with Moyamoya syndrome regional(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ligands for cerebral benzodiazepine receptors were used in the past to indicate the intactness of cortical neurons in subacute to chronic states after stroke and thus to differentiate among brain regions with complete or incomplete infarction and with functional deactivation. For planning acute interventional therapy, however, a(More)
Both thallium-201 and iodine-123 alpha-methyltyrosine (123I-IMT) have been shown to be useful in the diagnostic evaluation of brain tumours. The aim of this study was to investigate the respective contributions of 201Tl and 123I-IMT single-photon emission tomography (SPET) in the non-invasive evaluation of intracerebral tumours. We analysed 65 patients with(More)