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Radiation damage is an inherent problem in x-ray crystallography. It usually is presumed to be nonspecific and manifested as a gradual decay in the overall quality of data obtained for a given crystal as data collection proceeds. Based on third-generation synchrotron x-ray data, collected at cryogenic temperatures, we show for the enzymes Torpedo(More)
The crystal structure of human replication and transcription cofactor PC4CTD reveals a dimer with two single-stranded (ss)DNA binding channels running in opposite directions to each other. This arrangement suggests a role in establishment or maintenance of melted DNA at promoters or origins of replication.
Human beta(2)-glycoprotein I is a heavily glycosylated five-domain plasma membrane-adhesion protein, which has been implicated in blood coagulation and clearance of apoptotic bodies from the circulation. It is also the key antigen in the autoimmune disease anti-phospholipid syndrome. The crystal structure of beta(2)-glycoprotein I isolated from human plasma(More)
OmpT from Escherichia coli belongs to a family of highly homologous outer membrane proteases, known as omptins, which are implicated in the virulence of several pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. Here we present the crystal structure of OmpT, which shows a 10-stranded antiparallel beta-barrel that protrudes far from the lipid bilayer into the extracellular(More)
BACKGROUND beta-Keto acyl carrier protein reductase (BKR) catalyzes the pyridine-nucleotide-dependent reduction of a 3-oxoacyl form of acyl carrier protein (ACP), the first reductive step in de novo fatty acid biosynthesis and a reaction often performed in polyketide biosynthesis. The Brassica napus BKR enzyme is NADPH-dependent and forms part of a(More)
The synthesis of anthocyanins in higher plants involves many enzymatic steps. Here we describe the isolation and characterization of a cDNA, ant17, which encodes a protein that has 73% amino acid sequence identity with the candi gene product of Antirrhinum majus and 48% with that of the maize a2 gene. This protein may therefore be involved in the synthesis(More)
Von Willebrand factor (vWF) is a multimeric glycoprotein that mediates platelet adhesion and thrombus formation at sites of vascular injury. vWF functions as a molecular bridge between collagen and platelet receptor glycoprotein Ib. The major collagen-binding site of vWF is contained within the A3 domain, but its precise location is unknown. To localize the(More)
Anthocyanin biosynthesis in flowers of Petunia hybrida is controlled by the regulatory genes an1, an2 and an11. Seven classes of cDNA clones homologous to transcripts that are down-regulated in an1-, an2- and an11- mutants were isolated via differential cDNA cloning. Genetic mapping, antisense RNA experiments and analyses of mutant alleles demonstrated that(More)
SuperStar is an empirical method for identifying interaction sites in proteins, based entirely on the experimental information about non-bonded interactions, present in the IsoStar database. The interaction information in IsoStar is contained in scatterplots, which show the distribution of a chosen probe around structure fragments. SuperStar breaks a(More)
Resistance to docetaxel is a major clinical problem in advanced prostate cancer (PCa). Although glucocorticoids (GCs) are frequently used in combination with docetaxel, it is unclear to what extent GCs and their receptor, the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), contribute to the chemotherapy resistance. In this study, we aim to elucidate the role of the GR in(More)