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Radiation damage is an inherent problem in x-ray crystallography. It usually is presumed to be nonspecific and manifested as a gradual decay in the overall quality of data obtained for a given crystal as data collection proceeds. Based on third-generation synchrotron x-ray data, collected at cryogenic temperatures, we show for the enzymes Torpedo(More)
OmpT from Escherichia coli belongs to a family of highly homologous outer membrane proteases, known as omptins, which are implicated in the virulence of several pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. Here we present the crystal structure of OmpT, which shows a 10-stranded antiparallel beta-barrel that protrudes far from the lipid bilayer into the extracellular(More)
The crystal structure of human replication and transcription cofactor PC4CTD reveals a dimer with two single-stranded (ss)DNA binding channels running in opposite directions to each other. This arrangement suggests a role in establishment or maintenance of melted DNA at promoters or origins of replication.
Pharmacodynamic interactions of low doses of diazepam and alcohol were investigated in a double blind, randomised, 2×2 factorial, cross-over study in eight healthy volunteers. Alcohol or glucose 5% were administered intravenously at rates calculated to maintain breath alcohol levels of 0.5 g/l from 1.5 to 5.5 h after starting the alcohol infusion. Diazepam(More)
Human beta(2)-glycoprotein I is a heavily glycosylated five-domain plasma membrane-adhesion protein, which has been implicated in blood coagulation and clearance of apoptotic bodies from the circulation. It is also the key antigen in the autoimmune disease anti-phospholipid syndrome. The crystal structure of beta(2)-glycoprotein I isolated from human plasma(More)
Objective: The effect of oral warfarin on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the synthetic direct thrombin inhibitor napsagatran was investigated. Methods: In an open, randomised, two-way crossover study, 12 healthy male volunteers were infused napsagatran (80 µg/min) for 48 h. Each subject was administered 25 mg warfarin (Coumadin) at the start(More)
Human β2-glycoprotein I is a heavily glycosylated fivedomain plasma membrane-adhesion protein, which has been implicated in blood coagulation and clearance of apoptotic bodies from the circulation. It is also the key antigen in the autoimmune disease anti-phospholipid syndrome. The crystal structure of β2-glycoprotein I isolated from human plasma reveals an(More)
The influence of changes in liver blood flow on the clearance of rt-PA was studied both in healthy subjects and in a perfused rat liver model. Liver blood flow in healthy subjects was documented indirectly by the clearance of indocyanine green (ICG). Exercise reduced liver blood flow on average by 57% with a 95% confidence interval (95% CI) ranging from 51%(More)
The effects of single-dose (10 mg) and short-term (10 mg tid) nifedipine treatment on apparent hepatic blood flow, as assessed by indocyanine green (ICG) clearance, were studied in ten healthy male subjects. ICG was measured by both spectrophotometric and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay methods. Blood clearance of ICG and apparent(More)