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The cytokines IL-1beta and IL-2 are released from activated glial cells in the central nervous system and they are able to enhance catecholaminergic neurotransmission. There is no data concerning influence of antipsychotics on glial cell activity. Antipsychotics reaching the brain act not only on neurons but probably also on glial cells. The aim of this(More)
The method of slope vectors was used to quantify Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR) obtained from nine normal children and nine children at risk for central auditory processing disorders (CAPD) with language impairment, for monaural and binaural stimulation conditions. Slopes thus obtained were subjected to K-Means Cluster Analysis. Distinction between the(More)
More and more recent studies demonstrate the pleiotropic effects of fibrates. Except lowering plasma lipid levels they can influence blood coagulation abnormalities and stabilise atherosclerotic lesions--a frequent result of the activation of inflammatory cells within the vascular wall. The anti-inflammatory action of fibrates includes inhibiting the(More)
Some recent reports show that schizophrenia is accompanied by changes in lymphocyte activity. This study investigated the activity of monocytes by determining their release of interleukin- 1 beta (IL- 1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Monocytes were immunomagnetically isolated from the peripheral blood of schizophrenic patients before and(More)
Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1beta and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha have been suggested to be involved in the pathophysiology of depression and in the mechanism of action of antidepressant drugs. Until now the effect of antidepressants on cytokines has been examined only in plasma, blood mononuclear cells and spleen, which(More)
The aim of our study was to analyze EEG changes in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) and to determine how closely EEG reflects the progression of mental impairment in people with AD. Ninety-five patients with probable AD according to National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke/Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders(More)
Male Wistar rats were injected with fluphenazine /FLU/ i.p. in doses of 1 or 5 mg/kg for twelve months. Striatal met- and leu-enkephalin contents were determined after 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of treatment, and one week after the drug withdrawal following a 12-month treatment, Enkephalin levels were significantly increased with slight fluctuations in some(More)
The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is one of the candidate genes for schizophrenia. There is evidence that val66met polymorphism may be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The authors genotyped val66met (rs6265) polymorphism of the BDNF gene in 208 inpatients with paranoid schizophrenia and 254 control subjects in a Polish(More)
BACKGROUND Rating scales like the visual analogue scale, VAS, and the verbal rating scale, VRS, are often used for pain assessments both in clinical work and in research, despite the lack of a gold standard. Interchangeability of recorded pain intensity captured in the two scales has been discussed earlier, but not in conjunction with taking the influence(More)
BACKGROUND Unstable atherosclerotic plaque is a dangerous clinical condition, possibly leading to acute coronary deficiency resulting in cardiac infarction. Questions about the role of inflammatory factors in the formation of pathological lesions in the endothelium of coronary vessels have often been raised. This condition may be caused by bacteria that are(More)