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Recent investigations have implicated long antisense noncoding RNAs in the epigenetic regulation of chromosomal domains. Here we show that Kcnq1ot1 is an RNA polymerase II-encoded, 91 kb-long, moderately stable nuclear transcript and that its stability is important for bidirectional silencing of genes in the Kcnq1 domain. Kcnq1ot1 interacts with chromatin(More)
Expression of a large number of yeast genes is repressed by glucose. The zinc finger protein Mig1 is the main effector in glucose repression, but yeast also has two related proteins: Mig2 and Mig3. We have used microarrays to study global gene expression in all possible combinations of mig1, mig2 and mig3 deletion mutants. Mig1 and Mig2 repress a largely(More)
The genomes of higher organisms are packaged in nucleosomes with functional histone modifications. Until now, genome-wide nucleosome and histone modification studies have focused on transcription start sites (TSSs) where nucleosomes in RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) occupied genes are well positioned and have histone modifications that are characteristic of(More)
HIV-1 protease is a small homodimeric enzyme that ensures maturation of HIV virions by cleaving the viral precursor Gag and Gag-Pol polyproteins into structural and functional elements. The cleavage sites in the viral polyproteins share neither sequence homology nor binding motif and the specificity of the HIV-1 protease is therefore only partially(More)
A rapid growth of interest in rough set theory 290] and its applications can be lately seen in the number of international workshops, conferences and seminars that are either directly dedicated to rough sets, include the subject in their programs, or simply accept papers that use this approach to solve problems at hand. A large number of high quality papers(More)
Rough sets (Pawlak Z. Rough Sets: Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning about Data, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991) is a relatively new approach to representing and reasoning with incomplete and uncertain knowledge. This article introduces the basic concepts of rough sets and Boolean reasoning (Brown FM. Boolean Reasoning: The Logic of Boolean(More)
PURPOSE Patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of unknown origin are a common clinical problem. Knowledge of the primary site is important for their management, but histologically, such tumors appear similar. Better diagnostic markers are needed to enable the assignment of metastases to likely sites of origin on pathologic samples. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
The exploration of copy-number variation (CNV), notably of somatic cells, is an understudied aspect of genome biology. Any differences in the genetic makeup between twins derived from the same zygote represent an irrefutable example of somatic mosaicism. We studied 19 pairs of monozygotic twins with either concordant or discordant phenotype by using two(More)
Most neurological diseases are associated with chronic inflammation initiated by the activation of microglia, which produce cytotoxic and inflammatory factors. Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) are potent regulators of gene expression but contribution of particular STAT to inflammatory gene expression and STAT-dependent(More)