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The effect of daily oral maternal exposure to 0, 5, or 25 mg/kg body wt of a polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixture (Aroclor 1254) on Days 10 to 16 of gestation on plasma and brain thyroid hormone concentrations and peripheral thyroid hormone concentrations and peripheral thyroid hormone metabolism were examined in fetal and weanling rats. Plasma thyroid(More)
Earlier studies at our laboratory indicated that several hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs) detected in human blood could specifically inhibit thyroxine (T(4)) transport by competitive binding to the thyroid hormone transport protein transthyretin (TTR) in vitro. In the present study we investigated the effects of prenatal exposure to 5 mg/kg(More)
Sediments may be the ultimate sink for persistent (xeno-)estrogenic compounds released into the aquatic environment. Sediment-associated estrogenic potency was measured with an estrogen receptor-mediated luciferase reporter gene (ER-CALUX) assay and compared with a recombinant yeast screen. The ER-CALUX assay was more sensitive to 17beta-estradiol (E2) than(More)
The effects of prenatal oral administration of 0.2, 0.6, and 1.8 mg/kg body wt of 3,3',4,4'5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (HCB) on Day 1 of gestation and a combination of 1 mg/kg 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (TCB) from Day 2 to Day 18 with 0.6 mg HCB/kg body wt on Day 1 of gestation on thyroid hormone status and peripheral thyroid metabolism were studied in(More)
Effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126), or 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 156) on thyroid hormone metabolism were studied in 13-week feeding studies in female Sprague-Dawley rats. The diets were supplemented with the compounds tested at concentrations ranging from 0.2 to 20 micrograms/kg diet(More)
The hepatic tumor-promoting activity of a mixture of polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs) was studied in a medium term two-stage initiation/promotion bioassay in female Sprague-Dawley rats. The PHAH mixture contained 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), 1, 2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (PeCDD), 2,3,4,7, 8-pentachlorodibenzofuran(More)
In an earlier study several hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) competitively displaced [125I]thyroxine (T4) from transthyretin with different potencies. Transthyretin is the major T4 transport protein in plasma of rodents. In man, however, thyroxine-binding globulin transports most of the T4 in(More)
In the present study the developmental neurotoxic effects of the PCB metabolite 4-OH-2,3,3',4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (4-OH-CB107) were compared with effects caused by a mixture of parent polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners (Aroclor 1254). Pregnant female Wistar rats were exposed to 0.5 or 5 mg 4-OH-CB107, or 25 mg Aroclor 1254 per kg body weight from(More)
There is a clear lack of information on the toxicological risk of dietary intake of cadmium-metallothionein (CdMt). The present study aimed at establishing dose-dependent cadmium (Cd) disposition and to investigate differences in renal toxicity after long-term dietary exposure to CdMt or cadmium chloride (CdCl2) in rats. Male Wistar rats were fed diets(More)
Natural antioxidants like vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids, and polyphenols like flavonoids, are at present generally considered to be beneficial components from fruit and vegetables. The anti-oxidative properties of these compounds are often claimed to be responsible for various beneficial health effects of these food ingredients. Together these studies(More)