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Predatory aquatic insects are a diverse group comprising top predators in small fishless water bodies. Knowledge of their diet composition is fragmentary, which hinders the understanding of mechanisms maintaining their high local diversity and of their impacts on local food web structure and dynamics. We conducted multiple-choice predation experiments using(More)
Erebia aethiops is an aberrant lowland representative of a predominately arctic and alpine butterfly genus. We used behavioral records obtained during a mark-recapture study (MR) to extract information about its adult diurnal and within-season activity, and to compare its activity with previously studied mountain Erebia species. Similarly to them,(More)
1. Predation is often size selective, but the role of other traits of the prey and predators in their interactions is little known. This hinders our understanding of the causal links between trophic interactions and the structure of animal communities. Better knowledge of trophic traits underlying predator-prey interactions is also needed to improve models(More)
Structurally complex habitats provide cover and may hinder the movement of animals. In predator–prey relationships, habitat structure can decrease predation risk when it provides refuges for prey or hinders foraging activity of predators. However, it may also provide shelter, supporting structures and perches for sit-and-wait predators and hence increase(More)
Dispersal and the underlying movement behaviour are processes of pivotal importance for understanding and predicting metapopulation and metacommunity dynamics. Generally, dispersal decisions are condition-dependent and rely on information in the broad sense, like the presence of conspecifics. However, studies on metacommunities that include interspecific(More)
Mountain butterflies have evolved efficient thermoregulation strategies enabling their survival in marginal conditions with short flight season and unstable weather. Understanding the importance of their behavioural thermoregulation by habitat use can provide novel information for predicting the fate of alpine Lepidoptera and other insects under ongoing(More)
We deal with a water quality assessment using an image processing methods in this article. Our suggested method for measurement of the water quality uses two well-known biological organisms sensitive to water toxicity. Their names are Daphnia magna and Lemna minor and they are frequently used for a water analysis from an ecotoxicology point of view. In our(More)
A license plate detection task (LPD) is an important stage in the License plate recognition (LPR) implementations for automated transport systems. This paper is focused on a theory behind various interest points (IPs) detectors and region descriptors often used in applications of image processing including the LPR apps among others. We have carried out wide(More)
Understanding the potential of animals to immediately respond to changing temperatures is imperative for predicting the effects of climate change on biodiversity. Ectothermic animals, such as insects, use behavioural thermoregulation to keep their body temperature within suitable limits. It may be particularly important at warm margins of species(More)