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The Sialyl-Tn antigen (Neu5Acalpha2-6GalNAc-O-Ser/Thr) is highly expressed in several human carcinomas and is associated with carcinoma aggressiveness and poor prognosis. We characterized two human sialyltransferases, CMP-Neu5Ac:GalNAc-R alpha2,6-sialyltransferase (ST6GalNAc)-I and ST6GalNAc-II, that are candidate enzymes for Sialyl-Tn synthases. We(More)
Type II collagen (CII) is a target for autoreactive T cells in both rheumatoid arthritis and the murine model collagen-induced arthritis. The determinant core of CII has been identified as CII260-270, and the alteration of this T cell epitope by posttranslational modifications is known to be critical for development of arthritis in mice. Using CII-specific(More)
The Aq major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecule is associated with susceptibility to murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), whereas the closely related H-2Ap molecule is not. To understand the molecular basis for this difference, we have analyzed the ability of H-2Aq and H-2Ap molecules (referred to as Aq and Ap) to bind and present(More)
Immunization of mice with type II collagen (CII) leads to collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), a model for rheumatoid arthritis. T cell recognition of CII is believed to be a critical step in CIA development. We have analyzed the T cell determinants on CII and the TCR used for their recognition, using twenty-nine T cell hybridomas derived from C3H.Q and DBA/1(More)
The class of proteins collectively known as periplasmic immunoglobulin-like chaperones play an essential role in the assembly of a diverse set of adhesive organelles used by pathogenic strains of Gram-negative bacteria. Herein, we present a combination of genetic and structural data that sheds new light on chaperone-subunit and subunit-subunit interactions(More)
Binding of the class II PapG adhesin, found at the tip of filamentous pili on Escherichia coli, to the carbohydrate moiety of globoseries glycolipids in the human kidney is a key step in development of pyelonephritis, a severe form of urinary tract infection. An assay based on surface plasmon resonance for quantification of the binding of the class II PapG(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with certain MHC class II alleles and is characterized by a chronic autoimmune response in the joints. Using transgenic mice expressing human DR4 (DRB1*0401) and human CD4, but lacking endogenous MHC class II, we show that posttranslational glycosylation of type II collagen (CII) influences the level of T cell(More)
Most uropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli produce heteropolymeric organelles, known as P pili, that bind to the globoseries of glycolipids present in the urinary tract. The formation of a P pilus is the result of a family of related proteins being coordinately assembled into the structure in a defined order with the adhesin located exclusively at the(More)
We examined the antigenic specificity of two T cell hybridomas elicited against the disaccharide galabiose attached to the fifth residue of the I-Ak binding peptide 52-61 of lysozyme. By making changes in the saccharide molecule and in the peptide, we conclude that the outer galactose residue of the galabiose moiety is directly recognized by the T cells(More)
KEYWORDS: antibiotics´bioorganic chemistry´chaperone proteins´peptidomimetics The heavy use of antibiotics during the second half of the last century has resulted in widespread bacterial resistance. Overcoming resistance requires the development of antibiotics aimed at new targets in microorganisms. Preferably, such targets should be highly conserved in(More)