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This review concentrates on the description of various phytoremediation technologies, paying special attention to removal of organics and the application of in vitro systems for basic research in the role of plants for the remediation of contaminated sites or flows, and in the improvement of their effectiveness. Various aspects of xenobiotic metabolism in(More)
Control over neuronal growth is a fundamental objective in neuroscience, cell biology, developmental biology, biophysics, and biomedicine and is particularly important for the formation of neural circuits in vitro, as well as nerve regeneration in vivo [Zeck, G. & Fromherz, P. (2001) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 10457-10462]. We have shown experimentally(More)
Testing of the effects of xenobiotics in cultured cells often requires the use of organic solvents to effect suspension of the test agents in cell culture media. However, the toxic effects of the solvents themselves may introduce artifacts, which obscure interpretation of the experimental results. In this article, the toxicity of different solvents commonly(More)
1. The method of estimating the intralysosomal pH by measuring the distribution of [14C]methylamine in lysosomes isolated from the livers of Triton WR 1339-treated rats has been critically examined. 2. In lysed lysosomes, methylamine is bound to the membrane fragments, but this binding can be completely suppressed by increasing the concentration of(More)
The rational design of therapies for treating nerve injuries requires an understanding of the mechanisms underlying neurite extension. Neurite motility is driven by actin polymerization; however, the mechanisms are not clearly understood. One actin accessory protein, gelsolin, is involved with remodeling the cytoskeleton, although its role in cell motility(More)
Juvenoids are biologically active compounds, of relatively low toxicity to humans, that efficiently inhibit the fertility of insects. However, little attention has been paid to the stability and toxicity of products that may be generated by their biodegradation in the ecosystem. This study describes a simple comparison of the toxicity of the active compound(More)