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This study was undertaken, using microdialysis, to compare the extracellular concentration of 3-methoxytyramine and dopamine in dialysate from the striatum and substantia nigra, after pargyline (75 mg/kg), after pargyline plus amphetamine (3 mg/kg), and after pargyline plus reserpine (5 mg/kg) administration. Treatment with pargyline alone increased the(More)
We presented data previously on dopamine (DA) synthesis and catabolism in the rat substantia nigra (SN) suggesting that a substantial part of the synthesized DA in this brain part is metabolized by unknown nonclassical metabolic pathways. On the basis of that a relatively high density of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP 2E1) has been detected in rat SN the aim of(More)
The importance of voltage-dependent sodium channels and different types of voltage-sensitive calcium channels for depolarisation-induced release of endogenous dopamine from dendrites and cell bodies in superfused guinea pig substantia nigra slices was investigated. The stimulatory effect of veratridine (10 microM) on dopamine release was only marginally(More)
The retention of total radioactivity or3H-noradrenaline (3]H-NA) and in some experiments also its metabolites after administration of (±)-3H-NA was studied in rat hearts and salivary glandsin vitro andin vivo. Intact, atrophied and postganglionically sympathectomized (chronically denervated) glands were used. Protriptyline was administered to interfere with(More)
The effect of normetanephrine (NM) on effector cell response to noradrenaline (NA) in vivo and on extraneuronal amine uptake in vitro has been investigated in rat submaxillayr glands. Tissue slices were incubated with 3H-NA and the metabolic pattern of the radioactivity in the slices as well as of the efflux from the slices was analyzed. The level of(More)
The central respiratory effects of various adenosine (A) analogues were studied in halothane-anesthetized rats. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) and intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of the A analogues (2-Cla, L-PIA, CHA and NECA) reduced minute ventilation (VE) due to decreases in respiratory frequency (f) as well as tidal volume (VT). Dose-dependent(More)
Respiratory activity was studied in rats during light halothane anesthesia. Thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) and two TRH analogues: the desamidated form (TRH-OH) and gamma-butyrolactone-gamma-carbonyl-L-histidyl-L-prolinamide citrate (DN 1417) were administered intracerebroventricularly. TRH 0.5-5 micrograms induced a marked tachypnoea with a rapid onset(More)
The pivotal role for voltage-sensitive calcium channels in initiating synaptic transmitter release is undisputed, but it is only partly known to what extent the different subtypes contribute in vivo. Their importance for the dendritic release of dopamine has not been investigated in vivo previously. To evaluate comprehensively the relative importance of(More)
The neuropharmacological effects of capsaicin (CAPS) (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) have been closely linked to the peptide neurotransmitter substance P (SP). In order to elucidate SP mechanisms in peripheral and central control of breathing we have studied the respiratory effects of CAPS and SP administration to neonatal and adult rats using a whole(More)