Jan Johansson

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The structural and functional integrity of pulmonary surfactant depends on several specific proteins. Two of these, SP-A and SP-D, are large and water-soluble, while SP-B and SP-C are small and very hydrophobic. SP-A is an 18-mer of 26 kDa polypeptide chains and contains N-linked oligosaccharides. Structurally, it can be characterized as a collagen/lectin(More)
The influence of ion composition, pH, and peptide concentration on the conformation and activity of the 37-residue human antibacterial peptide LL-37 has been studied. At micromolar concentration in water, LL-37 exhibits a circular dichroism spectrum consistent with a disordered structure. The addition of 15 mM HCO3-, SO42-, or CF3CO2- causes the peptide to(More)
Polymerization of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) into amyloid fibrils is a critical step in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Here, we show that peptides incorporating a short Abeta fragment (KLVFF; Abeta16-20) can bind full-length Abeta and prevent its assembly into amyloid fibrils. Through alanine substitution, it was demonstrated that amino acids(More)
The molecular structure of the amyloid fibril has remained elusive because of the difficulty of growing well diffracting crystals. By using a sequence-designed polypeptide, we have produced crystals of an amyloid fiber. These crystals diffract to high resolution (1 A) by electron and x-ray diffraction, enabling us to determine a detailed structure for(More)
Here, we report the creation of a single-helix peptide (ATI-5261) that stimulates cellular cholesterol efflux with K(m) molar efficiency approximating native apolipoproteins. Anti-atherosclerosis activity of ATI-5261 was evaluated in LDLR(-/-) and apolipoprotein (apo)E(-/-) mice approximately 5-7 months of age, following 13-18 weeks on a high-fat Western(More)
The C-peptide of proinsulin is important for the biosynthesis of insulin but has for a long time been considered to be biologically inert. Data now indicate that C-peptide in the nanomolar concentration range binds specifically to cell surfaces, probably to a G protein-coupled surface receptor, with subsequent activation of Ca(2+)-dependent intracellular(More)
Based on the findings that proinsulin C-peptide binds specifically to cell membranes, we investigated the effects of C-peptide and related molecules on the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in human renal tubular cells using the indicator fura-2/AM. The results show that human C-peptide and its C-terminal pentapeptide (positions 27–31, EGSLQ), but(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, brainstem and retina. The gene responsible for SCA7, located on chromosome 3p, recently was cloned and shown to contain a CAG repeat in the coding region of the gene, that is expanded in SCA7 patients of French origin. We examined the SCA7 repeat(More)
Pulmonary surfactant contains less than 1 wt% of the very non-polar surfactant protein C (SP-C). In most animal species the major form of SP-C is a 35-residue peptide chain which contains two thioester-linked palmitoyl groups, giving a total molecular mass of 4.2 kDa. Several minor variants of SP-C exist, formed from N-terminal truncation, lysine(More)
Amyloid fibrils in which specific proteins have polymerized into a cross-beta-sheet structure are found in about 20 diseases. In contrast to the close structural similarity of fibrils formed in different amyloid diseases, the structures of the corresponding native proteins differ widely. We show here that peptides as short as 4 residues with the sequences(More)