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The molecular structure of the amyloid fibril has remained elusive because of the difficulty of growing well diffracting crystals. By using a sequence-designed polypeptide, we have produced crystals of an amyloid fiber. These crystals diffract to high resolution (1 A) by electron and x-ray diffraction, enabling us to determine a detailed structure for(More)
The nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) structure of the pulmonary surfactant-associated lipoplypeptide C (SP-C) was determined in a mixed solvent of C2H3Cl/C2H3OH/ 1 M HCl 32:64:5 (v/v). Sequence-specific 1H NMR assignments and the collection of conformational constraints were achieved with two-dimensional 1H NMR, and the structure was calculated with the(More)
The disulfide bridges in porcine hydrophobic surfactant protein B (SP-B) were determined. Results show that three intrachain bridges link half-cystine residues 8 and 77, 11 and 71, and 35 and 46, respectively. This gives SP-B an appearance of three loops, a central big loop surrounded by two smaller ones. In the major form of SP-B, the remaining(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, brainstem and retina. The gene responsible for SCA7, located on chromosome 3p, recently was cloned and shown to contain a CAG repeat in the coding region of the gene, that is expanded in SCA7 patients of French origin. We examined the SCA7 repeat(More)
UNLABELLED Rats were trained in a T-shaped maze to discriminate the effects produced by i.p. injections of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and the no-drug state (state-dependency, StD). Several doses of both Delta8-THC (range: 0.75-5.0 mg/kg) and Delta9-THC (range: 0.75-40.0 mg/kg) were used in order to compare the number of sessions required by the animals(More)
Proinsulin C-peptide ameliorates renal and autonomic nerve function and increases skeletal muscle blood flow, oxygen uptake and glucose transport in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. These effects have in part been ascribed to the stimulatory influence of C-peptide on Na+,K+-ATPase and endothelial nitric oxide synthase. To evaluate the(More)
Available surfactants for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants are derived from animal lungs, which limits supply and poses a danger of propagating infectious material. Poly-Val-->poly-Leu analogs of surfactant protein (SP)-C can be synthesized in large quantities and exhibit surface activity similar to SP-C. Here, activity of(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported marked inhibitory effects of recombinant apolipoprotein (apo) A-I(Milano)/phospholipid complex (A-I[Milano]/PC) on neointimal lesions in balloon-injured iliofemoral arteries of hypercholesterolemic rabbits. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that apo A-I(Milano)/PC would inhibit aortic atherosclerosis in apo(More)
Eighty basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) in 21 patients, 10 lesions of Bowen's disease in three patients, and four lesions of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma in two patients, were treated with photodynamic laser therapy (PDT), using topical application of the haem precursor delta-amino levulinic acid (ALA). The diagnoses were confirmed histologically prior to(More)