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AIMS Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with right septal or posteroseptal accessory pathways causes eccentric septal mechanical activation and may provoke left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and dysfunction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) of the accessory pathways on LV function. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
In children with structurally normal hearts, the mechanisms of arrhythmias are usually the same as in the adult patient. Some arrhythmias are particularly associated with young age and very rarely seen in adult patients. Arrhythmias in structural heart disease may be associated either with the underlying abnormality or result from surgical intervention.(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is increasingly used in children in a variety of anatomical and pathophysiological conditions, but published data are scarce. OBJECTIVE To record current practice and results of CRT in paediatric and congenital heart disease. DESIGN Retrospective multicentre European survey. SETTING Paediatric(More)
Table of contents Preamble Scope of the document 1256 Method 1257 Part 1. Classification, epidemiology and prognosis Definition 1258 Brief overview of pathophysiology of syncope 1258 Classification 1259 Epidemiological considerations 1259 Prognostic stratification: identification of factors predictive of adverse outcome 1260 Part 2. Diagnosis Strategy of(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic pulmonary regurgitation after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) may lead to right ventricular dilatation, which may be accompanied by ventricular tachycardia and sudden death. We aimed to examine the effects of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) on (1) certain electrocardiographic markers predictive of monomorphic ventricular arrhythmia(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objective was to evaluate the short-term safety and efficacy of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in children. BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy has been beneficial for adult patients with poor left ventricular function and intraventricular conduction delay. The efficacy of this therapy in the young and in those with(More)
The etiology of dilated cardiomyopathy associated with congenital complete AV block has not yet been clarified. Two infants with AV block of autoimmune and surgical etiology, respectively, had received a dual-chamber right ventricular-based pacemaker and developed dilated cardiomyopathy with severe septal to left ventricular free-wall dyssynchrony 3.4 (0.9)(More)
The acute hemodynamic effect of atrioventricular (AV) and inter/intraventricular (IV) resynchronization accomplished by temporary pacing using multiple epicardial pacing wires was evaluated in 20 children (aged 3.4 months to 14.0 years) after surgery for congenital heart defects fulfilling the following criteria: (1) presence of AV and/or IV conduction(More)
OBJECTIVES Class IC antiarrhythmic drugs have recently been shown to be effective in some patients with atrial ectopic tachycardia. We therefore studied the efficacy of these drugs in patients with congenital junctional ectopic tachycardia. BACKGROUND Follow-up data on patients with junctional ectopic tachycardia suggest that this potentially lethal(More)
BACKGROUND To the best of our knowledge, normal limits of heart rate with respect to gender, and as established using 24-hour ambulatory Holter electrocardiography, have yet to be published for the entire age range of children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES To establish the normal limits for heart rate in newborns, infants, children, and adolescents of both(More)