Jan J . Sixma

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Platelet activation leads to secretion of granule contents and to the formation of microvesicles by shedding of membranes from the cell surface. Recently, we have described small internal vesicles in multivesicular bodies (MVBs) and alpha-granules, and suggested that these vesicles are secreted during platelet activation, analogous to the secretion of(More)
To clone the CD63 antigen, originally described as a blood platelet activation marker, we adapted the expression cloning procedure of Seed and Aruffo (Seed, B., and Aruffo, A. (1987) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S. A. 84, 3365-3369) to allow cloning of intracellular antigens. A megakaryocyte expression cDNA library was transiently transfected into MOP-8 mouse(More)
Endovascular infection is a highly critical complication of invasive Staphylococcus aureus disease. For colonization, staphylococci must first adhere to adhesive endovascular foci. Von Willebrand factor (vWF) is a large, multimeric glycoprotein mediating platelet adhesion at sites of endothelial damage. Earlier it was demonstrated that vWF binds to and(More)
Heparin of five commercially available brands was used to study the disappearance of heparin anticoagulant activity in normal humans. The drug was administered intravenously by bolus injection and by continuous infusion. Heparin anticoagulant activity was determined by two assays: a diluted activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and an assay based on(More)
Background-The genetic background of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is homozygosity for a cysteine-to-tyrosine transition at position 282 in the HFE gene. Heterozygosity for HH is associated with moderately increased iron levels and could be a risk factor for cardiovascular death. Methods and Results-We studied the relation between HH heterozygosity and(More)
Transient interactions of platelet-receptor glycoprotein Ibalpha (GpIbalpha) and the plasma protein von Willebrand factor (VWF) reduce platelet velocity at sites of vascular damage and play a role in haemostasis and thrombosis. Here we present structures of the GpIbalpha amino-terminal domain and its complex with the VWF domain A1. In the complex, GpIbalpha(More)
To define the role of activated platelets we have attempted to prepare monoclonal antibodies specific for activated platelets. The IgG2b antibody of one of the clones, designated 2.28, was studied in more detail. Native platelets from normal individuals bound 650 125I-2.28 molecules/platelet, whereas thrombin-activated platelets bound 12,600(More)
Hematocrit and vessel wall shear rate are important factors in the transport and subsequent adherence of platelets to vessel wall subendothelium. When mass transport theory is applied to platelets in flowing blood, the blood is usually considered to be a fluid with platelet and red cell wall concentrations similar to the average tube concentration. With the(More)