Jan J M de Vijlder

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BACKGROUND Maternal thyroid function during early pregnancy is an important determinant of early fetal brain development because the fetal thyroid is unable to produce any T4 before 12-14 weeks' gestation. Overt maternal hypothyroidism as seen in severe iodine-deficient areas is associated with severely impaired neurological development of the offspring. At(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of maternal hypothyroxinaemia during early gestation (fT4 below the lowest tenth percentile and TSH within the reference range: 0.15-2.0 mIU/l) on infant development, together with any subsequent changes in fT4 during gestation. DESIGN A prospective 3-year follow-up study of pregnant women and their children up to the age(More)
BACKGROUND Several genetic defects are associated with permanent congenital hypothyroidism. Immunologic, environmental, and iatrogenic (but not genetic) factors are known to induce transient congenital hypothyroidism, which spontaneously resolves within the first months of life. We hypothesized that molecular defects in the thyroid oxidase system, which is(More)
The fact that neonates who subsequently have severe hypothyroidism have no evidence of the condition at birth suggests the possibility of the placental transfer of thyroid hormones. Recent studies have demonstrated the existence of such transfer in hypothyroid rats. To determine whether there is a transfer of thyroxine (T4) from mother to fetus, we studied(More)
During the past few years, several methods have been developed for the detection of specific nucleic acid sequences by in situ hybridization using non-radioactive labels such as fluorochromes, cytochemically detectable enzymes and electron-dense markers. These methods are preferable to autoradiography in terms of speed of performance and topological(More)
Pendred syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early childhood deafness and goiter. A century after its recognition as a syndrome by Vaughan Pendred, the disease gene ( PDS ) was mapped to chromosome 7q22-q31.1 and, recently, found to encode a putative sulfate transporter. We performed mutation analysis of the PDS gene in patients from(More)
Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) is the key enzyme in the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Defects in the TPO gene are reported to be the cause of congenital hypothyroidism due to a Total Iodide Organification Defect (TIOD). This type of defect, where iodide taken up by the thyroid gland cannot be oxidized and bound to protein, is the most common hereditary inborn(More)
BACKGROUND We have conducted a randomized trial with thyroxine (T4) in 200 infants <30 weeks' gestation. T4 treatment was associated with better 5-year outcome in infants <29 weeks' gestation, but with worse outcome in infants of 29 weeks. These effects could be related to low, respectively high free thyroxine (FT4) levels METHODS For each infant, the(More)
In this study we present the molecular basis of a total iodide organification defect causing severe congenital hypothyroidism. In the thyroid gland of the patient, thyroid peroxidase (TPO) activity and the iodination degree of thyroglobulin were below detection limits, and no TPO messenger ribonucleic acid was detectable by Northern blot analysis.(More)
Thyroid hormones are essential for fetal development. T4 can be activated by type I (ID-I) and type II (ID-II) iodothyronine deiodinase or inactivated by type III deiodinase (ID-III). The influence of placental ID-II and ID-III on the regulation of fetal thyroid hormone levels was investigated. Using [125I]T4 and [125I]T3, respectively, ID-II and ID-III(More)