Learn More
We have studied the characteristics of bone ingrowth of a new porous tantalum biomaterial in a simple transcortical canine model using cylindrical implants 5 x 10 mm in size. The material was 75% to 80% porous by volume and had a repeating arrangement of slender interconnecting struts which formed a regular array of dodecahedron-shaped pores. We performed(More)
This study evaluated the osseous tissue response to a noncemented metal-backed acetabular component made of a new porous tantalum biomaterial. Eleven dogs with bilateral total hip arthroplasties (22 acetabular implants) were studied for a period of 6 months. Thin section histology, high-resolution radiography, and backscattered scanning electron microscopy(More)
BACKGROUND An Osteonecrosis Intervention Implant made of porous tantalum was recently developed to provide structural support and a compatible surface for tissue ingrowth in osteonecrotic femoral heads. From an investigational device exemption study that comprised 113 implants, we carried out a retrieval analysis of clinically failed implants. METHODS(More)
Bilateral noncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) was produced in dogs to determine the effect of stem stiffness on stress-related bone resorption. Two porous-coated femoral implants of substantially different stiffnesses were designed for direct comparison. One was manufactured from cobalt-chromium (CoCr) alloy, the other from titanium alloy. The titanium(More)
The bisphosphonate zoledronic acid chemically and physically was bound to hydroxyapatite-coated porous tantalum implants. The zoledronic acid elution characteristics in saline were determined as a function of time and the in vivo effects of elution were quantified at 12 weeks in a canine ulnar implant model. Intramedullary implants surgically were implanted(More)
The implication of polyethylene wear particles as the dominant cause of periprosthetic osteolysis has created a resurgence of interest in metal-on-metal implants for total hip arthroplasty because of their potential for improved wear performance. Twenty-two cobalt chromium molybdenum metal-on-metal implants were custom-manufactured and tested in a hip(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the radiographic and histologic response to corundum blasted implant surfaces of varying roughness in a canine total hip arthroplasty model. Three types of tapered femoral implants were made from titanium alloy and were identical in every respect except surface finish. The entire surface of the femoral implant had a(More)
Modularity is being diversified in total hip prostheses to increase surgical latitude in optimizing implant fixation and adjusting hip biomechanics. However, several problems have been clearly identified with implant modularity. First generation metal-backed acetabular components have shown deficiencies in the locking mechanism, the congruency and extent of(More)
The purpose of the current study was to ascertain the relative contributions of surface chemistry and topography to the osseointegration of hydroxyapatite-coated implants. A canine femoral intramedullary implant model was used to compare the osseous response to commercially pure titanium implants that were either polished, grit-blasted, plasma-sprayed with(More)