Jan J Enghild

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Apolipoprotein E is immunochemically localized to the senile plaques, vascular amyloid, and neurofibrillary tangles of Alzheimer disease. In vitro, apolipoprotein E in cerebrospinal fluid binds to synthetic beta A4 peptide (the primary constituent of the senile plaque) with high avidity. Amino acids 12-28 of the beta A4 peptide are required. The gene for(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), also known as 92-kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase, is secreted from neutrophils, macrophages, and a number of transformed cells in zymogen form. Here we report that matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3/stromelysin) is an activator of the precursor of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (proMMP-9). MMP-3 initially cleaves proMMP-9(More)
At least five adult–onset neurodegenerative diseases, including Huntington disease (HD), and dentatorubral–pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) are produced by genes containing a variably increased CAC repeat within the coding region1–4. The size range of the repeats is similar in all diseases; unaffected individuals have fewer than 30 CAG repeats, whereas(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and interleukin 1 (IL-1) are implicated in inflammation and tissue destruction, where IL-1 is a potent stimulator of connective tissue cells to produce the extracellular matrix-degrading MMPs. Here, we report that IL-1beta, but not IL-1alpha, is degraded by MMP-1 (interstitial collagenase), MMP-2 (gelatinase A), MMP-3(More)
Angiostatin, a proteolytic fragment of plasminogen, is a potent antagonist of angiogenesis and an inhibitor of endothelial cell migration and proliferation. To determine whether the mechanism by which angiostatin inhibits endothelial cell migration and/or proliferation involves binding to cell surface plasminogen receptors, we isolated the binding proteins(More)
In the human autoimmune blistering disease pemphigus vulgaris (PV) pathogenic antibodies bind the desmosomal cadherin desmoglein-3 (dsg3), causing epidermal cell-cell detachment (acantholysis). Pathogenic PV dsg3 autoantibodies were used to initiate desmosome signaling in human keratinocyte cell cultures. Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) and p38MAPK were(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IG-FBP-3) is degraded by a Zn(2+)-dependent protease(s) produced by human dermal fibroblasts in vitro (Fowlkes, J. (1994) Endocrine J. 2, 63-68). Initial studies using IG-FBP-3-substrate zymography identified several IGFBP-3-degrading proteases with M(r) 52,000-72,000, which were inhibitable by EDTA and were(More)
Calbindin D(28k) is a member of the calmodulin superfamily of Ca(2+)-binding proteins and contains six EF-hands. The protein is generally believed to function as a Ca(2+) buffer, but the studies presented in this work indicate that it may also act as a Ca(2+) sensor. The results show that Mg(2+) binds to the same sites as Ca(2+) with an association constant(More)
Spiders are ecologically important predators with complex venom and extraordinarily tough silk that enables capture of large prey. Here we present the assembled genome of the social velvet spider and a draft assembly of the tarantula genome that represent two major taxonomic groups of spiders. The spider genomes are large with short exons and long introns,(More)
The present paper describes the primary structure, glycosylation and tissue localization of fetal antigen 1 (FA1) isolated from second-trimester human amniotic fluid. FA1 is a single-chained, heterogeneous glycoprotein of 225-262 amino acid residues. FA1 has six well conserved epidermal-growth-factor motifs and contains up to ten O-glycosylation and(More)