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Our results indicate that small amounts of an oxide deposited on a stable metal surface can trigger a massive surface reconstruction under reaction conditions. In low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM) experiments, no reconstruction of Cu(111) is observed after chemisorbing oxygen or after reducing O/Cu(111) in a CO atmosphere. On the other hand, LEEM images(More)
Electron scattering by oxygen monolayers on the Ru(0 0 0 1) surface is studied both experimentally and theoretically. Sharp transmission resonances at low energies are revealed and established to originate from critical points of a special kind in the complex band structure of the substrate. Electron reflection from the clean and oxidized Ru(0 0 0 1) is(More)
We present an extensive mesoscale study of the initial gas phase oxidation of Ru(0001), employing in situ low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM), micro low-energy electron diffraction (μ-LEED) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The initial oxidation was investigated in a temperature range of 500-800 K at a constant oxygen pressure of p(O2) = 4 × 10(-5)(More)
CO oxidation over oxygen-rich Ru(0001) surfaces is one of the most studied catalytic oxidation reactions in surface science and of widespread interest as a model system for the redox chemistry of transition metal model catalysts. Here, we present an extensive low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM) and photoemission electron microscopy study of the oxidation(More)
Three different methods to determine the oxide-phase concentration in mixed cerium oxide by hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy are applied and quantitatively compared. Synchrotron-based characterization of the O 1s region was used as a benchmark to introduce a method based on the weighted superposition of the Ce 3d spectra of the pure Ce(3+) and Ce(4+)(More)
The pre-adsorption of Ga on Si(112) leads to a drastic change of the morphology of subsequently grown Ge islands. In contrast to the case for Ge growth on bare Si(112), even nanowire growth can be achieved on Ga terminated Si(112). Employing low energy electron microscopy and low energy electron diffraction, the initial phase of Ge nucleation and Ge island(More)
The average strain state of Ge films grown on Si(111) by surfactant mediated epitaxy has been compared to the ordering of the interfacial misfit dislocation network. Surprisingly, a smaller degree of average lattice relaxation was found in films grown at higher temperature. On the other hand, these films exhibit a better ordered dislocation network. This(More)
We have studied the oxidation of the Ru(0001) surface by in situ microscopy during exposure to NO2, an efficient source of atomic oxygen, at elevated temperatures. In a previous investigation [Flege et al., Phys. Rev. B: Condens. Matter Mater. Phys., 2008, 78, 165407], at O coverages exceeding 1 monolayer, using the combination of intensity-voltage (I(V))(More)
Oxidation of silver films of one-and two-monolayer thicknesses on the Ni(111) surface was investigated by low-energy electron microscopy at temperatures of 500 and 600 K. Additionally, intensity–voltage curves were measured in situ during oxidation to reveal the local film structure on a nanometer scale. At both temperatures, we find that exposure to(More)
We have studied (001) surface terminated cerium oxide nanoparticles grown on a ruthenium substrate using physical vapor deposition. Their morphology, shape, crystal structure, and chemical state are determined by low-energy electron microscopy and micro-diffraction, scanning probe microscopy, and synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Square(More)