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The PhosPhAt database provides a resource consolidating our current knowledge of mass spectrometry-based identified phosphorylation sites in Arabidopsis and combines it with phosphorylation site prediction specifically trained on experimentally identified Arabidopsis phosphorylation motifs. The database currently contains 1187 unique tryptic peptide(More)
Gas chromatography coupled to mass spec-trometry (GC-MS) is one of the most widespread routine technologies applied to the large scale screening and discovery of novel metabolic biomarkers. However, currently the majority of mass spectral tags (MSTs) remains unidentified due to the lack of authenticated pure reference substances required for compound(More)
Holistic analysis of lipids is becoming increasingly popular in the life sciences. Recently, several interesting, mass spectrometry-based studies have been conducted, especially in plant biology. However, while great advancements have been made we are still far from detecting all the lipids species in an organism. In this study we developed an ultra(More)
Metabolomics is rapidly becoming an integral part of many life science studies ranging from disease diagnostics to systems biology. However, a number of problems such as the discrimination of biological from non-biological signals, efficient compound annotation, and reliable quantification are still not satisfactorily solved in untargeted LC-MS-based(More)
The generation of retention index (RI) libraries is an expensive and time-consuming effort. Procedures for the transfer of RI properties between chromatography variants are, therefore, highly relevant for a shared use. The precision of RI determination and accuracy of RI transfer between 8 method variants employing 5%-phenyl-95%-dimethylpolysiloxane(More)
A new strategy for direct infusion-based metabolite analysis employing a combination of high-resolution mass spectrometry and (13)C-isotope labeling of entire metabolomes is described. Differentially isotope labeled metabolite extracts from otherwise identically grown reference plants were prepared and infused into a Fourier transform ion cyclotron(More)
BACKGROUND In the last decade, techniques were established for the large scale genome-wide analysis of proteins, RNA, and metabolites, and database solutions have been developed to manage the generated data sets. The Golm Metabolome Database for metabolite data (GMD) represents one such effort to make these data broadly available and to interconnect the(More)
Biomarkers are used to predict phenotypical properties before these features become apparent and, therefore, are valuable tools for both fundamental and applied research. Diagnostic biomarkers have been discovered in medicine many decades ago and are now commonly applied. While this is routine in the field of medicine, it is of surprise that in agriculture(More)
The unbiased and comprehensive analysis of metabolites in any organism presents a major challenge if proper peak annotation and unambiguous assignment of the biological origin of the peaks are required. Here we provide a comprehensive multi-isotope labelling-based strategy using fully labelled (13) C, (15) N and (34) S plant tissues, in combination with a(More)
The dynamics of a proteome can only be addressed with large-scale, high-throughput methods. To cope with the inherent complexity, techniques based on targeted quantification using proteotypic peptides are arising. This is an essential systems biology approach; however, for the exploratory discovery of unexpected markers, nontargeted detection of proteins,(More)